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Installation and NOTAMS:

PART 1 - Doug's Hawaii

PART 2- Hawaii Tours

Way Point References for All Locations and Tours


"Doug's Hawaii" is not a stand-alone web page, separate from Return to Misty Moorings where it originated. We wanted to keep the RTMM "area" in the same location of the world and Hawaii is somewhat distracting in this case.

The Hawaii area is very customize-able. For that reason, our scenery locations are ONLY along the coast to avoid conflicts with other third party applications. Previously, we had some "interior" locations. This keeps us from interfering with the many add ons for Hawaii.

PhotoReal Hawaii is NECESSARY for the full enjoyment of this package.

AIRPORTS: Airports are "up to you." Some people like the Dreamfleet PHNL (I do!). And so when this is put in you must adjust files to make it work properly. You can use the George Kehoe airports associated with Hawaii Photoreal, but some of the FREE FTX airports are also excellent. You must choose the "look" you want for your airports. To change them, simply find them in your scenery folder and change the airport's "bgl" to "off" that turns off that particular airport. But the Doug's Hawaii locations are not near any of the Hawaiian airports.

HAWAII (Big Island) - ORBX has a Cityscape Honolulu that is excellent, but it also covers the whole island of Oahu. So we have taken some Oahu scenery locations out of the Doug's Hawaii so there is no conflict.

Doug Linn - 01.15.2019


Did you ever wonder where a "Return to Misty Moorings" scenery designer goes to get warm after fighting all the ice, snow, rain, fog, cold ..... well, here's where Doug goes to "warm up" and "relax." Probably the opposite geographical extreme from the beautiful and icy Misty Fjords of Alaska is the equally beautiful tropical Hawaiian Islands. There are wonderful airports and air fields and strips in Hawaii. There are also some magically beautiful things to see with the PhotoReal Hawaii Plus package we are using for these locations. Doug's scenery focuses on the coastal areas where he has put in facilities for float planes and water craft. Brad's locations focus on the interior of the islands. Both of us are enjoying the warm tropical breezes and lush tropical scenery. We are doing this for our own pleasure, but offering it to you if you enjoy flying in Hawaii too. To get familiar with Hawaii and see some actual pictures of important places, "Your RV Liveftyle" has a great guide ... "100 Best things to do in Hawaii". We recommend you check this out as a travel guide.

There are two main parts to Escape from Misty Moorings:

1. Doug's Hawaii .... these are scenery locations created by Doug Linn. Most are on the shoreline of the islands. All are "real" locations. All have docks and can be used for boats and ships as well as float planes.

2. Hawaii Tours ... This is a scenery package that adds about 60+ tourist way points into your Hawaii PhotoReal Plus scenery. We have tried to make all of these "authentic" ... adding scenery objects to make the PhotoReal come alive at the waypoint. When we are finished, we hope to have most of Hawaii's "sites" available for you to visit. Many of these will be "fly-over" for low and slow aircraft ... and we are adding (fictional in many cases) helipads to make it fun for the roterheads among us.

You may download one or all of these, your choice. Each is stand-alone and does not require any of the other parts. But if you are going to fly the Hawaii Tours, adding Doug's Hawaii and Brad's Hawaii will give you even more to see.

Special Thanks

Special thanks to Steve Weinkamer who made some special objects for this series. Thanks to Steve, the lighthouse and lights side of the project comes alive with new realistic "masts" for the "minor lights". Steve also gave us the slow blinking lights for the lighthouses. Also he gave us the dobermins at PI Magnum and the T-Rex dinosaurs at the Jurrasic Park location. These are the "little things" that make a project like this work realistically. Thank you Steve.

Also special thanks to Norm Richards, who tirelessly checked out our waypoints and made some great "routing" for the Hawaii Tours that you can find at Alaska Adventures. Guy "Spud" Maricich also spent a lot of time checking things out for us.

A "beta" can be aggrevating and confusing, and I thank all of these folks for their patience as the EFMM site came together.

We hope you enjoy the package.

Doug's Hawaii: I have worked only on the dockage areas for this scenery set, mostly where the Matson barges tie up to deliver supplies to the islands. So all of these are associated with water. I've tried to keep them as realistic as possible, (having been to most of these myself), and placing the "most appropriate" objects into the Hawaii Photoreal. The photoreal actually gives me exact placement for objects. You can click on the thumbnails for the locations to see a larger picture of the location.

VEHICLES: If you are a bush pilot on vacation, you will want to fly your float planes and amphibians. These scenery locations are made for those and for boats and ships. My personal favorite planes are the Misty Grumman Goose (click on image at the bottom of this table to get it), the Misty Aerosoft Amphibian, You can get the Smit Roterdam and NordHavn from Deltasim. The Misty Goose will get you there at 190 mph, and the ships can be tweaked for about 30 knots. Another interesting vehicle is the CIRP Project hovercraft .. about 60 mph. (download it here). This is a great way to be on the water, but move faster.

Scenery-wise, for a place like Hawaii, PhotoReal works perfectly ... when you are flying over it, it cannot look more real and PhotoReal Hawaii is about as good as you can get. One drawback to photoreal, all the autogen buildings get wiped out. So if you are in a boat coming up to the dock at water level, it is like coming up to a desert island (all flat). I've put buildings into the dock areas and, since I have personally seen most of these, I've been able to recreate the "feeling" of these locations. Of course we are limited by the objects, but if you have visited any of these, you will recognize them. I've used the photoreal to "place" things ... the photoreal "paintings" tell me where to place the objects like jettys, ships, docks and buildings. So I've tried to match the photoreal with the objects, the objects I've placed are where objects should be.

Remember, Lahaina (Mau'i) was a whaling port. You can download the HMS Bounty from Avsim and sail by wind power only feeling just what it was like in this EXCELLENT replication of the Bounty. The attention to detail on this model is quite amazing. Here is a way to seehow the early visitors (tourists?) got around!

I'm doing this mostly for my own personal pleasure, this is not meant to be a "commercial" site, nor a totally realistic site. I have added a little dockage for the Lahaina Princess at most of the ports I've done. Eventually, I'll make these AI to actually travel to the docks. Also, this is a work in progress, and as I work on it, I will update the "Change Log" below so you know if you have the latest. If you have comments on this, you can contact me at EFMM Comments. I hope you enjoy the locations.

Hawaii Tours: Many important structures show up in Hawaii PhotoReal and most of these are typical tourist sites that one would visit if visiting the islands. I've tried to place significant 3D objects onto the scenery to make these tourist attractions come alive. So you can use Hawaii Tours to actually tour many of the sites around the islands. With each locations' "section" on this page, I've tried to include some history or background on the attraction. So if you are planning a trip to Hawaii, you can have some fun and visit some of these virtually before you go so better to choose which ones you would like to see. Many of these are "fly over" sites where there is no landing zone. (I have sprinkled in a few helipads for the roterheads). All locations come with way points so you can find them with your gps.

Because this is perfect for the boating enthusiasts among us, I'm also adding all of the "lights" (navigation markers) to the coastlines of all the islands. You can "navigate" from light to light. All also have a way point for your GPS to help you make those relaxing sailing trips. All Lighthouses and Minor Lights are depicted in the Hawaii Tours package. The information on the lighthouses came from Lighthouse Friends, One particular map they have that helped us is HERE. A special thank you to Lighthouse Friends for the information.

Enjoy and Aloha!

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Downloads for Doug's Hawaii

UPDATE NOTAM (01.04.2020)

This package is being updated extensively. There are so many possible packages and combinations for this that it makes it difficult to come up with a formula for making all of it work together. For now, you do not need the Pilots Mesh that is suggested in the instructions below. I would also not worry about the George Kehoe Airports. The Honolulu XG is not needed. If you have the money for it, the ORBX Honolulu Cityscape is a great addition and works with this package. You will need the Hawaii Photoreal and I would recommend giving them a donation so you can get the PLUS version. If you are using ORBX Honolulu Cityscape, then DO NOT install the OAHU package with Hawaii Photoreal, ORBX handles the whole island of Oahu. I will be giving more updates soon. You will need the RTMM Libraries that you can find on our "LIBRARIES" page... those handle all of the objects that are incluced with the scenery locations. More updates on this will come soon. For now, disregard the installation section below. All of the MFC tours are still good and work fine. The "Doug's Hawaii" package below (05.09.2017) is works fine for now. I would also recommend the free FTX airport package from ORBX. They do a fine job on the Hawaii Aiports that they cover.

Summary: Doug's Hawaii 05.09.2017 is the latest. Pilots Mesh is no longer needed. ORBX Honolulu Cityscape is recommended but not necessary. The Hawaii Tours package works fine. You may want to download and use the FREE FTX Airports package from ORBX. Hawaii Photoreal is needed and their PLUS version (by donation) is recommended.


NOTAM: The addition of "PILOT's 2010 FTX Commpatible Mesh" severly disrupts elevations and many of the locations in the original "Doug's Hawaii" are not functional. A new scenery set is being constructed that will work with PILOT's Global Mesh. This is "Doug's Hawaii for PILOT's".

1. If you do not have Pilot's Global Mesh, download and install the original "Doug's Hawaii" below.

2. If you have PILOT's 2010 FTX Compatible mesh, download the "Doug's Hawaii for PILOT's" and install it. Keep in mind, construction on this just started on 3/16/2017, so much work must be done.

NOTAM: The original "Doug's Hawaii," has now been discontinued as of 05.08.2017. The "Doug's Hawaii for Pilots" has been renamed "Doug's Hawaii". If you have the original Doug's Hawaii, you should delete it and put in the updated one from below. Be sure to delete the original "Doug's Hawaii" in your scenery library and replace it with the new one. Also Delete the "Doug's Hawaii for Pilots."

zip<- "Doug's Hawaii" (05.09.2017)

  • Latest Changes to Doug's Hawaii:
    • 05.09.2017 - Kuki'i Point (Nawiliwili Harbor) Lighthouse. Excluded the "standard" lighthouse object that comes with Kawai and replaced it with the more realistic white lighthouse.

zip<- "Hawaii Tours*" - (05.09/2017 #2)

  • Latest Changes to Hawaii Tours:
    • 05.09.2017 - No longer need to turn "off" the C:/(FSX or P3D)/Scenery/0003/scenery/OBX6240.bgl. If you have it turned off, you can now turn it on. Added Exclusion rectangles to solve the extra lighthouse problems.
    • 05.09.2017.02 - the "maui" has been deleted. You will notice the maui lights.bgl now in the "Doug's Hawaii" folder. This corrected a problem we were having with Instant Scenery 3.


zip<- "Hawaii Flight Plans" - By Norm Richards (README HERE)

What you will Need:

  1. All RTMM (Return to Misty Moorings) Object Libraries Installed (Here)
  2. ORBX Global/Vector (Here)
  3. PhotoReal Hawaii PLUS (Here)
  4. Kauai Scenery from ($6 donation)
  5. Recommended:
    1. Doug's Hawaii
    2. Hawaii Tours
  6. Pilot's 2010 FTX Compatible mesh (Here)

Packages to Use with these Scenery Sets

  • Hawaii PhotoReal Plus
  • All three Patches added
  • Hawaii Airports from Hawaii PhotoReal
  • North America LC (Land Class)
  • ORBX Global/Vector
  • Kuai Addon from
  • Hawaii XG (Honolulu)
  • PILOT's 2010 FTX Compatible mesh
  • All RTMM Libraries Installed
  • FTX Planes Package with Hawaiian Airports turned "off"
    • PHLI PHBK PHMU PHJH PHHN PHKO PHJR PHMK PHNY JHM (change ".bgl" to ".off")
  • My Scenery Library Setup .....
    • Addon Scenery
      • Misty Moorings
        • Kauai (LockonFiles)
        • Hawaii XG (Honolulu)
        • Doug's Hawaii and Hawaii Tours

NOTAM: There are at least 3 sets of Hawaiian airport scenery packages. The only location possibly affected by Doug's Hawaii is PHNL (Honolulu Int'l) at the little sea plane base there. The rest of the locations are "away" from airports so if you are having problems with airports, it is not Doug's Hawaii.

NOTAM: This site is an extension of Return to Misty Moorings so all of the Copyrights and Policies of Return to Misty Moorings apply to this site. (See Details). If you have comment or questions on this page, you can contact me at EFMM Comments

Page Index


PART 1 - Doug's Hawaii
Doug's Hawaii Master Map


Page Index
Scenery Locations for Doug's Hawaii
Click to Enlarge
iconHana, Maui
By Doug Linn - 6.05.2015

This was probably the "saddest" location rendition I've encountered. Buildings flying in the air, water running up the mountains, this was an ORBX problem. Don't believe me? Check this BEFORE and this AFTER. See the difference.

Water Position: N20 45.4796 --- W155 59.1027 --- Heading 337.8
Helo Position: N20 45.4993 --- W155 59.1571
Waypoint: HI008


iconHilo, Hawaii (Big Island) - 07.11.2015 (Checked)

Here is Hilo, one of my favorite Hawaiian ports. Very active with lots of water activites happening. This port has an unusually large jetty or breakwater which makes for a quiet and expansive bay area, enhancing all sorts of water activities ... from sailing to Hawaiian canoe racing. Another very active Matson port, supplying the Big Island.

Water Position: N19 43.745' --- W155 3.3934 --- Heading 257
Helo Position: N19 43.7644 --- W155 3.2907
Waypoint: HI011


iconJohn Rogers SPB (fictional) (Checked)
By Doug Linn -03.22.2017

A little SPB beside the John Rogers Airort. Helipad available.

Water Position: N21 17.8550 --- W158 4.4439 --- Heading: 352
Helo Position: N21 17.9075 --- W158 4.4396
Waypoint: HI016


iconKahului, Maui
By Doug Linn -6.07.2015

Some misplaced ORBX objects, worked around those, put a cruise ship in to cover the freighter. Added the Lahaina Princess site with a fuel trigger for airplanes. Put a helipad on the small dock.

Water Position: N20 53.5986 --- W156 28.1317 --- Heading: 218.9
Helo Position: N20 53.6957 --- W156° 28.1067'
Waypoint: HI009

NOTAM: If you have DreamFleet Kahului installed, the Doug's Hawaii version is over-ridden and does not show.


iconKaumalapau Port, Lana'i
By Doug Linn 05.29.2015

The main shipping port for the island of Lana'i. This is an interesting port as the land flows, seemingly, down onto the dock (which is actually built around it). The facilities include a helipad, fuel, water dock and a terminal for the Lahina Princess.

Water Position: N20 47.3025 --- W156 59.4806 --- Head: 238.4
Helo: N20 47.2216 --- W156 59.5295
Waypoint: HI004


iconKaunakakai Port, Molokai
By Doug Linn - Updated 6/26/2015 (Compat with Hawaii Photoreal Molokai)

The main entry port for shipping for Molokai. Locaated on a spit of land extending out into the sea. The scenery includes a dock and terminal for the Lahina Princess, a dock for float planes, a ramp for amphibians and fuel.

Water Position: N21 4.8227 --- W157 1.6897 --- Head: 215
Amphib (land): N21 4.87 --- W157 1.6791 --- Head: 203
Heipad:N21 4.8525 --- W157 1.7056
Waypoint: HI003


thumbKawaihae Port
By Doug Linn - 04.08.2017

The town's harbor includes a fuel depot, shipping terminal and military landing site. Outside of the man-made breakwall of the harbor is a popular surf spot and the Pua Kailima o Kawaihae Cultural Surf Park. The small town features a handful of restaurants and art galleries. To the north of the harbor is the Kawaihae Canoe Club and a small boat ramp. To the south is Puʻukoholā Heiau national historic site, built by King Kamehameha I in 1791. Also to the south is the smaller Mailekini Heiau and the Hale o Kapuni Heiau (shark heiau), which is submerged.

Kawaihae became the principal residence of King Kamehameha I from 1790 to 1794 where he built the Puʻukoholā Heiau and sacrificed Keōua Kuahuʻula, his last opponent on the Big Island, and where he plotted out his conquest of the remaining islands in the archipelago. He lived in the royal compound of "Pelekane" on the shoreline northwest of Mailekini Heiau, which he named after the Hawaiianized name for Britain. Kamehameha's British advisor John Young also resided in the vicinity of Kawaihae with his family, and the ruins of their homestead, the remains of what is believed to be the first western-style house in Hawaii, could still be seen today near the Puʻukoholā Heiau. Another British explorer, George Vancouver, the first to successfully anchor off Kawaihae Bay in February 14, 1793, paid a visit to King Kamehameha and John Young and gave the king cattle, introducing the species for the first time to Hawaii.[6]:45–46 After the development of Parker Ranch by John Palmer Parker, Kawaihae served as the main center for loading and shipping cattle and beef in Hawaii.

It was in Kawaihae, on April 1, 1820, that the first company of American missionaries to Hawaii led by Asa and Lucy Goodale Thurston, who later founded Mokuaikaua Church, arrived aboard the Thaddeus and set foot on the islands. Kawaihae thrived for the duration of the sandalwood trade, which depleted its forest, and the whaling age. Whalers and merchant ships annually visited its harbor, where they would stock up on agricultural products and beef from the region. But by the late 1800s, Kawaihae had decline in importance due the end of whaling, the decimation of its population by foreign diseases and migration of its people to other parts of Hawaii; it became a sleeping and forgotten village serving mainly as a cattle landing.

Water Position: N20 2.3369 --- W155 49.8900 --- Head: 208.4
Heipad: N20 2.3488--- W155 49.8721
Waypoint: HI017


Click to Enlarge
iconKona on Hawai'i (Big Island)
By Doug Linn - 07.11.2015

A lot of work on this one, like Lahaina, it gives you the "feel" for it even though the objects are never perfect. But walk from the dock area toward the church on the sidewalk by the seawall and you are "there". The cruise ship "docks" offshore at this location. The Kona Airport is nearby (PHKO). There is no "real" helipad at the dock on Kona, but I put one in for our helicopter folks. See Before / After pics and the Seawall Sidewalk.

Water Position: N19 38.3557 --- W155 59.7939 --- Head: 152.3
Helipad: N19 38.3573 --- N19 38.3573
Waypoint: HI012


iconLahaina, Maui
By Doug Linn - Updated 06.20.2015

My favorite place in Hawaii ... I couldn't exactly duplicate it because some of the "scenery" objects are already there, so I had to build "around" them. But if you have ever been there, you will recognize it, especially in the marina area. Also with the Hawaii PhotoReal, I tried to place objects over the "painting" so from the air, it all blends together perfectly. If you can't find me, look here first ... I know where the "shave ice" store is!

Water Position: N20 52.3461 --- W156 40.7417 --- Heading: 146
Helo Position: N20 52.4872 --- W156 40.7239 --- Altitude: 36 feet
Waypoint: HI006


iconLono Harbor, Malokai
By Doug Linn - Updated 6.26.2015

A short flight from Honolulu on the southwestern shore of Molakai, you'll find Lono Harbor. It comes with two lodges, walking paths through palm forests. There is a campsite, a dock and a fueling station, a helipad and a small airstrip for small wheeled aircraft (C182). This is a man-made harbor, but the finishing touches we've put on it make it a fine resort to fly to. There is a lot of exploring you can do here with a segway or a jeep.

Water Position: N21 5.2042 --- W157 15.0358 --- Head: 171.1
Air Strip: N21 5.4961 --- W157 14.3782 Head: 217.6
Waypoint: HI002


Internet References:

iconMa'alaea, Maui
By Doug Linn -6.04.2015

The Maʻalaea District of Maui is located in Central Maui about six miles south of Wailuku, where the Honoapiʻilani Highway (Hwy 30) reaches the south coast. There are plenty of things to keep you busy for a full day in Maʻalaea. You can begin with a morning snorkeling or whale-watching cruise followed by an afternoon visit to the Maui Ocean Center. You can end the day with an evening sunset walk on Maʻalaea Beach and then dinner at one of the harbor area's excellent restaurants, Brad's is there!!!

Water Position: N20 47.4962 --- W156 30.6606 --- Heading 237.5
Helo Position: N20 47.4722 --- W156 30.8290
Waypoint: HI007


iconManele Bay, Lanai'i
By Doug Linn 06.01.2015

This is where the rich people go ... you know the names ... this is where they live! I've enhanced the little fishing harbor, and added a (fictitional) shipping port and a dock for the Lahina Princess. This is a fairly detailed and expansive scenery. (Hey, if you have the money, spend it!

Water Position: N20 44.3636 --- W156° 53.1370 --- Heading: 181.3
Helo Position: N20 44.3394 --- W156° 53.1815
Waypoint: HI005


iconMagnum P.I. (Added 03.19.2017
Makai Research Pier and Robin's Nest
By Doug Linn

From the TV Hit Series "Magnum P.I." here is some real Hawaii scenery for you. To nearby locations, Makai Research Pier, where T.C. housed and repaired his chopper. And a couple miles away, Robin's Nest, a secluded and beautiful mansion named "Pahoa", tennis court and all. The key feature being the breakwater that gave them the famous "wave pool."

Water Position: N21 19.1431 --- W157 40.1415 --- Heading: 181.3
Helo Position: N20 44.3394 --- W156° 53.1815
Waypoint: HI014

Robins Nest:
Water Position Wave Pool: N21 19.5231 --- W157 40.7879 --- Heading: 134
Water Position dock: N21 19.5054 --- W157 40.7294 --- Heading: 293
Helo Position: N21 19.4881 --- W157°- 40.7321'-
Waypoint: HI015


Navigation Markers for EFMM
By Doug Linn - Updated 06-23-2015

If you are boating near the shoreline going around the islands, there are several areas where there is very shallow water that extends some distance from the shoreline, these are the remnents of the lava flows created when the islands were forming. I have placed navigational markers (lighted buoys) on these areas so you will know to navigate to the "outside" of them to stay safe. Also, don't be surprised if you see an occasional whale breaching the offshore areas. As I work on this project and circle the islands, I add the navigation markers ... check the "update" date often, this file will change with time.


iconNawiliwili (Kauai) - New 03.17.2017
By Doug Linn

You will need the Kauai scenery package downloaded from (a $6 donation). This gives you a port-of-call on Kauai. It is near the PHLI airport. You will also find the Marriott complex at Kalapaki Beach.

Water Position: N21 57.0673 --- W159 21.4583 --- Heading: 246
Helipad Position: N21 57.0719 --- W159° 21.4876'
Way Point: HI013


iconHonolulu International Sea Plane Base
By Doug Linn - 05.29.2015

NOTAM: NOT compat with Hawaii Photoreal Oahu

Once you fly to Hawaii and land at Honolulu International, take a taxi over to the Sea Plane Base . You can fly an amphibian and start of on "dry land" or you can start with a float plane at the dock. There is fuel available.

Land Position: N21 19.0328 --- W157° 54.7653 ---Heading: 184.9
Water: N21 19.0103 --- W157 54.7815 --- Heading: 47.4
Waypoint: HI001


iconPako'o Harbor, Moloka'i
By Doug Linn - 06.20.2015

Just a safe harbor in a storm. A fuel supply is available. Located on the Eastern Shore of Molokai in the interesting "fishpond" area. An amphibian can "climb up" onto the shore easily and park near the lodge, but there is no landing strip. Very close to the actual location, see the Google Earth view HERE.

Water: N21 4.30 --- W156 47.88 --- Heading: 293.2
Waypoint: HI010


Page Index
Brad's Hawaii

iconMisty's Air Cargo at JHM
by Brad Allen

An office and work building for Misty's Hawaii Air Cargo. Brad Allen made this one for us. You must have the George Keogh airport package for this to work correctly. This is the small airport near Lahaina.



Page Index - - - - Back to Tours
PART 2 - Hawaii Tours
Hawaii Tours

tours header


Welcome to Escape from Misty Moorings's Hawaii Tours! Here you will find air charter, mostly "fly-over" tours of most of the famous tourist sites in the Hawaiian Islands. Download the "Doug's Hawaii Waypoints" (HERE) and install it as you do any scenery package. When you activate it you will have all the waypoints for the tours as well as special objects we have placed in the scenery so you can better enjoy the realism.


Page Index
Hawaii - The Big Island

alohaHawaii - To avoid confusion with the name of the entire state, the Island of Hawaii is often called the “Big Island,” and what an appropriate name it is. Nearly twice as big as all of the other Hawaiian Islands combined, its sheer size can be inspiring. You can travel through ten* of the world’s 14* different climate zones on Hawaii ranging from Wet Tropical to Polar Tundra, a result of the shielding effect and elevations of the massive volcanoes Maunakea and Maunaloa.

Hawaiʻi is said to have been named after Hawaiʻiloa, the legendary Polynesian navigator who first discovered it. Other accounts attribute the name to the legendary realm of Hawaiki, a place from which the Polynesian people are said to have originated (see also Manua), the place where they go in the afterlife, the realm of the gods and goddesses. The name is cognate with Savaii, the name of the largest island of Samoa. Captain James Cook, the English explorer and navigator who was the captain of the first European expedition that discovered the Hawaiian Islands, called them the "Sandwich Islands" after his patron, the Earl of Sandwich. Cook was killed on the Big Island at Kealakekua Bay on 14 February 1779, in a mêlée which followed the theft of a ship's boat.

Hawaiʻi was the home island of Paiʻea Kamehameha, later known as Kamehameha the Great. Kamehameha united most of the Hawaiian islands under his rule in 1795, after several years of war, and gave the kingdom and the island chain the name of his native island.


thumbClick for Fly-Over View

Akaka Falls

The park is about 11 miles (18 km) north from Hilo, west of Honomū off the Hawaii Belt Road (route 19) at the end of Hawaii Route 220. It includes ʻAkaka Falls, a 442 feet (135 m) tall waterfall. ʻAkaka in the Hawaiian language means "A rent, split, chink, separation; to crack, split, scale". The accessible portion of the park lies high on the right shoulder of the deep gorge into which the waterfall plunges, and the falls can be viewed from several points along a loop trail through the park. Also visible from this trail is Kahūnā Falls.

Local folklore describes a stone here called Pōhaku a Pele that, when struck by a branch of lehua ʻāpane, will call the sky to darken and rain to fall. Lehua ʻāpane or ʻōhiʻa ʻāpane is an ʻōhiʻa tree (Metrosideros polymorpha) with dark red blossoms.

ʻAkaka Falls is located on Kolekole Stream. A large stone in the stream about 70 feet (21 m) upstream of the falls is called Pōhaku o Kāloa.

The ʻoʻopu ʻalamoʻo is an endemic Hawaiian species of goby fish that spawns in stream above the waterfall, but matures in the sea. These fish have a suction disk on their bellies that allows them to cling to the wet rocks behind and adjacent to the waterfall. Using this disk, they climb back up to the stream when it is time to spawn

Position: N19 51.1926 ... W155 9.3601
Way Point: HI086


NOTAM: Helo Accessible

thumbClick for Fly-Over View

Balloon Races Near Kona

East of Kona, fly very careful VFR ... there is a balloon race going on. There are several baloons of many colors ad different altitudes. What a magnificent trip that would be! Watch for them around 8500 feet.

Position: N19 41.1761 ... W155 50.4833
Way Point: HI087


thumbClick for Fly-Over View

Cape Kuhukahi Light

Requests for a lighthouse on the cape, the easternmost point of the island chain, began in 1905. The lighthouse board reasoned that a light at the site would assist in landfall for ships approaching from Cape Horn and the newly opened Panama Canal. Nonetheless, these requests were not heeded until 1928, when a 32 feet (9.8 m) wooden tower was erected, with an automatic acetylene beacon.

In 1933-1934 a more substantial station was constructed. This consisted of a pair of wooden keeper's houses and a steel tower, the latter resting on a unique foundation consisting of two stacked concrete blocks with a layer of sand in between, a scheme intended to insulate the tower from the many minor earthquakes in the area. The light itself was upgraded to a rotating aerobeacon.

Cape Kumukahi lies at the end of the east rift zone of the slopes of Kilauea, and the light was threatened several times by eruptions. The most serious threat came from the 1960 eruption which destroyed the town of Kapoho; lava flows continued downslope toward the light, and destroyed the keepers' houses and an orchard which Joe Pestrella, who had been keeper there since 1938, had planted by the light station;[5] but when the lava reached the tower, it split into two streams and flowed into the sea to either side, sparing the structure.[6] After the eruption ceased, a new electric line was run to the light and it was automated, and Pestrella was transferred to Makapuu Point Light, where he remained until he retired in 1963, the last civilian keeper in the islands. Pestrella had previously been awarded "Civil Servant of the Year" in 1956 for staying at his post during an eruption the year before.

The light continues in automated operation. In addition, NOAA maintains a sampling facility for the Global Monitoring Division of the Earth System Research Laboratory on the grounds of the light, as the trade winds bring fresh oceanic air to the site at all times.

Position: N19 30.9795 ... W154 48.6554
Way Point: HIA19 ... Cape Kumukahi Light


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Coconut Point (Hilo) Light

The first beacon at Coconut Point was built by the Hawaiian government on the southwest shore of Hilo Bay and was tied to the city's electric lines. In 1904, when the Lighthouse Board assumed control of the navigational aids in Hawaii, a new lens lantern light was established in a slightly different location atop the warehouse on the government wharf.
In 1908, the Lighthouse Board requested funds for a new light to mark the port at Hilo:

Hilo is the second port of importance in the Hawaiian Islands. Upon completion of the new breakwater now under way, the importance of this port will be greatly increased. During the last fiscal year shipments to noncontiguous territories and exports to foreign countries from Hilo amounted approximately to $5,287,654; merchandise received from the United States to $1,720,269; 69 sail and steam vessels, representing a gross tonnage of 81,725, entered and cleared the port. The present small fixed red lens lantern light, located on the old and dilapidated government wharf at the foot of Waianuenue street, is entirely inadequate for the requirements of the growing trade of Hilo, and should be replaced by a more powerful light. It is recommended that a fourth-order flashing light be established at some point on the shore of Hilo Bay.
John Fitzgerald served as keeper of the light from 1904 to 1910, when Ferdinand Mosher, the harbor master, assumed responsibility for the light. The pay in 1910 for keeping the light was $25 per month.

A concrete tower topped by an acetylene flash was erected on Coconut Point in 1915, and the present thirty-four-foot pyramidal tower was erected in 1975. The signature of Coconut Point Light is flashing green.

Position: N19 43.6145 ... W155 5.1743
Way Point: HI097


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Hilo Range Rear Light

Located on the east side of Hilo Town, east of the cruise ship pier, on a bluff off of Kalanianaole Avenue. A light used for navigation for the shipping in the hilo port.

Position: N19 43.9172 ... W155 2.9675
Way Point: HI098


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Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park (Kona Coast)

This park is a great place to learn about island traditions.The present temple site was restored by the national park authorities and is a replica of the original which dates from the end of the 18th century. The palace was a place of refuge, protected by a huge wall measuring 10 ft high and 16 ft wide. This thick wall between the former palace and the sanctuary has been preserved over the centuries, with repair work being carried out in 1902 and 1963-64. Using information gleaned from pictures, replica koa wood carvings of temple gods have been placed in their original positions.

Attractions found on the estate include the landing place of the royal canoes ("keone'ele"), the stones on which the royal family played a type of Hawaiian game known as "konane", and the Kuuhumanu Stone, behind which the Queen hid from Kamehameha's henchmen but was discovered when her dog began to bark. Also on site are a royal fishpond known as "he-lei-palalu", the Keoua Stone, supposedly the favorite place of Keoua, King of Kona, burial vaults, rock carvings and models of houses belonging to the priests and inhabitants of the City of Refuge.

Position: N19 25.2897 ... W155 54.6341
Way Point: HI088


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Kailua Light at Kona

The present Kailua Light, a pyramidal concrete tower, was built under the Bureau of Lighthouses in 1915 and replaced a fixed lens-lantern light that was established in 1909.

This is a small white concrete structure with a fixed lens on the top of it. It is mostlly used for the sports fishing fleet working in the Kona area. It is a white structure on white sand, so difficult to see. It flashes a white light.

Position: N19 38.2720 ... W156 0.0659
Way Point: HIA18 ... Kailua Point at Kona


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Ka Lae Light

A beacon to light the Big Island’s southernmost point, known as Ka Lae (the point) in Hawaiian, was first proposed in 1883, but the Hawaiian Government provided no appropriation for the request.

Ka Lae Light in 1948. Elmer Jackson worked relief out of Honolulu Pier in 1947 - 1948 and provided these photographs from when he went to help Keeper Henry Smith.
Photograph courtesy Elmer Jackson
When the Lighthouse Board assumed responsibility for the navigational aids of the Territory of Hawai’i in 1904, six years after the islands became a U.S. territory, it first focused on repairing or rebuilding existing lights on the islands and then requested money in 1905 for a new beacon at Ka Lae. A lens-lantern supported by a thirty-four-foot wooden mast was ready for display on March 5, 1906, and its light, produced by incandescent oil vapor, was visible for nine miles. A small service house was built at the base of the mast, but no accommodations were provided for the keeper.

Ka Lae Light is located roughly thirty-five miles southwest from Kilauea Volcano. In May 1924, Keeper Flint sent a letter to the superintendent of lights for Hawaii that read in part “for the last 10 days this station has been enveloped with clouds of smoke and ashes. Every night the lens has to be lowered down to clean off the ashes.”

Ka Lae Light was automated in 1949, and the forty-five-foot tower was replaced by the present thirty-two-foot concrete pole in 1972. Today, batteries charged by solar panels power the light.

Information from:

Position: N18 54.7525 ... W155 40.8979
Way Point: HIA12 ... KaLea Light


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Kauhola Point Lighthouse

Near the northern tip of the Big Island, Kauhola Point juts out into the Pacific Ocean. Steep cliffs surround the point on either side, and reefs extend from the point for roughly two miles. After several ships wrecked off the point, the Hawaiian Government constructed a wood-frame, forty-foot tower, topped by an enclosed lamp room. A lens and reflector, fabricated by Barbier and Benard of Paris, amplified the light source and sent forth a beam from the lamp room’s bay window that could be seen for ten miles. The light was activated in 1897, one year before Hawai`i became a U.S. territory.

Kauhola Point Lighthouse in 1904. The shack beneath the tower was used as a combined store house/living quarters for the keeper. Keeper Hoopii, the first keeper of the light, built the structure at left for additional room.
In 1904, the Lighthouse Board took control of Hawai`i’s navigational aids and shortly thereafter issued a report stating that Kauhola Point Light, along with numerous other lights, was in a dilapidated condition. No keeper’s residence was attached to the station, and when Edward K. Moealoha, who served at the point from 1907 to 1913, was forced to spend the night at the light, his only shelter was a small service shed. After Moealoha’s resignation, a keeper’s dwelling was built roughly 475 feet south of the light to help attract a new keeper.

When originally built, the 1933 lighthouse stood eighty-five feet from the nearest cliff edge, but by 2009, this distance was reduced to just twenty feet. Between 2003 and 2007, the cliff face retreated fifteen feet with six feet being sheared off by an October 2006 earthquake. An engineering report completed in 2007 estimated that the tower would likely collapse within two to five years due to shoreline erosion. Relocating the tower was considered, but after consulting with state historic preservation officials, the Coast Guard decided to demolish the tower and replace it with a monopole light located farther back from the cliff edge. The replacement light was in place by November 2009, and demolition of the 1933 tower, which took three days, started on December 11 of that year.

Information from:

Position: N20 14.7713 ... W155 46.2897
Way Point: HIA13 ... Kauhola Point Light


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Kawaihae Light

Honolulu and Lahaina were the two main Hawaiian ports in the 1800s when whaling ships were calling at the islands for provisions, but by 1845 Hilo and Kawaihae on the Big Island had become important stops for procuring fresh food and beef. Cattle were also being shipped from Kawaihae, located on the northwest coast, to supply the whaling needs at Honolulu and Lahaina.

View of new and old Kawaihae Lights in 1904
The first beacon to mark the anchorage at Kawaihae was built in 1859 by G.W. Macy and Company, but when this aid fell into disrepair, the Hawaiian government built a replacement in 1869. Sam Chillingworth was selected to construct the lighthouse, and on June 23, 1869, he sent the following report on his work to Frederick W. Hutchinson, minister of the Interior.

While Chillingworth was serving as keeper, the lamp used in the lighthouse exploded on two occasions. On November 24, 1874, a kerosene lamp exploded and destroyed the glass used in the lighthouse. The second incident, which occurred on May 19, 1877, was more serious and resulted in the destruction of the lantern and wooden support frame. Chillingworth wrote his superiors stating that "a new stone rest can be built for $150, with a wooden hood for the light. A new lantern is needed." Until repairs could be made, a kerosene lantern was borrowed from neighbors and displayed from a wooden pole.

The present Kawaihae Lighthouse, a thirty-six-foot pyramidal concrete tower, was erected in 1915. Between 1957 and 1959, the anchorage at Kawaihae was dredged and a breakwater was constructed to form a deep-draft harbor. The harbor has since been kept busy with shipments of molasses, petroleum, and military cargo. The present Kawaihae Light produces a white flash once every six seconds. A pair of nearby range lights also serves to guide vessels into the harbor.

More Information:

NOTAM: This one was already in Hawaii PhotoReal

Position: N20 2.5146 ... W155 50.0308
Way Point: HIA15 ... Kawaihae Light


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Keahole Lighthouse

Under the direction of the Lighthouse Board, a light was placed at Keahole Point, the westernmost point on the Big Island, around 1908. A fixed red lens-lantern was mounted on a thirty-six foot white wooden mast to produce a light with a focal plane of sixty feet. A service house topped with a red roof was built at the base of the mast, and a light gray one-story keeper's dwelling, embellished with red trim and a red roof, was built 550 feet east of the light.

In 1915, one of the many concrete pyramidal towers used in Hawai'i was built on Keahole Point. This one stood thirty-three feet high and displayed a white flashing light. Although you can drive to the point today, this has not been the case for too long. Coast Guard personnel servicing the light in the 1940s noted that the light "could be approached from land, but it is not recommended. ... Five miles of the drive is only a trail and should not be attempted in a vehicle without four wheel drive and of the most sturdy sort; in any event the last five miles is directly over a lava bed and cannot be traveled except by walking."

Sharing the point with the light today is the Keahole-Kona Airport and the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority. The state developed this area to promote research on the ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) process and its related technologies. Pipeline systems pump both deep and surface seawater to shore around the clock to support several companies established on the point.

Sometime between 2008 and 2010, the concrete tower at Keahole was replaced by the post light. The pole's flashing white flight has a red sector that covers rocks off Makolea and Kaiwi Points. Information from: Lighthouse

Position: N19 43.6644 ... W156 3.6768
Way Point: HI095


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Kukuihaele Light

Most of the windward or eastern shore of the island of Hawai'i is lined by steep bluffs, rising to heights of up to four hundred feet. As ranches and sugar plantations developed atop these bluffs, a method for efficiently transporting cattle, sugar, and molasses off the island had to be developed. Fortunately, the water just offshore is deep, but the difficulties faced included how to securely anchor a vessel in open water so its cargo could be loaded and unloaded, and how to transfer the cargo from the bluff top down the vessels.
The solution to the problem was found in the 1890s in the form of "wire landings." Four mooring buoys were anchored offshore at roughly the points of a rectangle, and a vessel would tie up to the buoys using two lines fore and aft to securely hold the ship into the wind. Atop the bluff at the landing, a hoist house held equipment used for lowering and raising a trolley along a wire that ran from the hoist to an anchor on the seaward side of the vessel. For cargo that weighed more than two tons, a derrick landing was used, but this was advisable in only calm seas as it was difficult to quickly cast off when the wind shifted.

The Kukuihaele Landing, located on the northeastern side of the island just south of the Waipio Valley, was one of nine wire landings established along the windward shore. To mark the landing, the present thirty-four-foot concrete tower was built in 1937. Due to the height of the bluff on which it stands, the light has a focal plane of 154 feet. The Kukuihaele Light is the only remaining concrete light structure in Hawai'i which has an interior ladder used for accessing the lamp. This feature of the hourglass-shaped tower allowed the keeper from being blown off the tower by the high winds that frequently buffet the area. Information from:

Position: N20 7.5869 ... W155 33.0504
Way Point: HI096


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Laupahoehoe Point Light

Laupahoehoe means "lava leaf" or "smooth lava flat" and is an apt description of this small peninsula that was formed when lava flowed down a valley and formed a delta extending several hundred feet into the ocean. In 1890, the first light was built on Laupahoehoe Point, the outermost tip of the peninsula, in the form of a thirty-foot wooden trestle tower atop which an ordinary house lamp was kept in a protective box. A landing, located on the inner part of the peninsula, was the only place besides Hilo on the Big Island's windward coast from which passenger boat service was available.

In 1905, the Lighthouse Board replaced the original tower with a lens lantern displayed from a thirty-four-foot mast that raised the focal plane of the light eleven feet. A decade later, the point received one of the concrete pyramidal light towers that were deployed extensively throughout the Hawaiian Islands.

Just before 2 a.m. on April 1, 1946, a powerful earthquake in Alaska's Aleutian Islands triggered a tsunami that destroyed the nearby Scotch Cap Lighthouse, killing the five coastguardsmen inside. The tsunami radiated outwards from the epicenter, traveling at speeds of around 400 to 500 mph, and reached the Island of Hawai'i just after 7 a.m. that same day. At that hour, several school children had arrived on the Laupahoehoe Peninsula and were playing on the beach waiting for their school day to begin. Four recently graduated female teachers from the mainland were in a cottage nearby when the first large wave washed up the peninsula. This attracted some attention but was not considered too abnormal. A second large wave came closer to the cottage, and then the ocean receded a long ways, prompting curious children to explore the uncovered shoreline. When the third wave struck, the cottage with the teachers inside was swept off its foundation and demolished by the surging water.

The concrete light tower managed to survive the tsunami intact, but its foundation had been undermined by the powerful waves, and it toppled over the following year in a storm. The Coast Guard erected a new tower with a similar, pyramidal shape, but this one was a skeletal tower built of metal. In 1975, a modern, solar-powered light atop a twenty-foot metal pole was placed on the point.

Although the 1947 tower was removed from the point, its predecessor, the concrete tower that survived the tsunami, lies broken on the lava rocks in front of the present tower. For those who know its history, the fallen tower seems to belong on the point as a relic from the day of the tsunami, which battered Hawai'i as it was still recovering from World War II. Information from:

Position: N19 59.6188 ... W155 14.4327
Way Point: HI099


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Lava Flow into Sea

At the time of this writing, the lava was flowing into the sea at the latitude/longitude indicated below. Fly low and slow to see the phenomena.

Position: N19 19.7333 ... W155 0.9472
Way Point: HIA20 ... Lava Flow to Sea


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Mahukona Light

In the late nineteenth century, sugar plantations were prospering on the Big Island. Six plantations in North Kohala, the area that includes the island’s north shore, used a couple of crude landings along that rugged coastline for exporting their products. Steers would pull heavy wagons full of sugar or molasses to the landings where, braving high surf and swell, men loaded the cargo onto flatboats, which would transport the goods offshore to awaiting steamers.

First Mahukona Lighthouse in 1904
In winter, the use of the landings was often too risky due to large breakers, so the sugarcane byproducts were transported over the hill to Mahukona, a protected small cove on the leeward side of the island. In 1881, Samuel G. Wilder, owner of a steamship company, initiated work on the Big Island’s first railroad that would solve the Kohala plantations’ transportation problem by connecting them to the port at Mahukona. Wilder started with improving Mahukona port through the addition of numerous wharfs and a storehouse. By March of that year, the first section of ties and tracks had been laid, using 100 Chinese as workers under the supervision of twenty Caucasians. In January 1883, the tracks covered almost twenty miles, reaching the northernmost sugar fields of Niulii, and the Hawaiian Railroad was complete. The steam locomotives traveled twelve miles per hour, crossing seventeen gulches and rounding twenty-five sharp curves. The train was a novelty for locals, and tourists were visiting from Hilo to take a ride. Plantation owners were also pleased with the new railroad as their revenues started to surge.

On June 20, 1907, a lens lantern light was established fifty-one feet to the east and eleven feet west of the old tower. This new structure consisted of a white mast, having at its base a small white house with red roof and lead-colored trimmings, and the light was exhibited thirty-five feet above the ground and sixty-four feet above the water. In 1915, the present twenty-two-foot concrete pyramidal tower was built near the original Mahukona Light and topped by a flashing acetylene light.

More Information:

Position: N20 10.9162 ... W155 54.0679
Way Point: HIA14 ... Mahukona Light


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Mauna Kea Observatory

Mauna Kea is Hawaii's highest mountain and home to the Mauna Kea Observatory. During certain months the snow covered mountain offers downhill skiing. A road, best suited for 4WD vehicles, offers access to the summit which stands at 13,796 ft.

The Mauna Kea Observatories (MKO) are a number of independent astronomical research facilities and large telescope observatories that are located at the summit of Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawai'i, United States. The facilities are located in a 525-acre (212 ha) special land use zone known as the "Astronomy Precinct", which is located within the 11,228-acre (4,544 ha) Mauna Kea Science Reserve.[1] The Astronomy Precinct was established in 1967 and is located on land protected by the Historical Preservation Act for its significance to Hawaiian culture.

The location is ideal because of its dark skies, good astronomical seeing, low humidity and position above most of the water vapor in the atmosphere, clean air, good weather and almost equatorial location.

Position: N19 49.4916 ... W155 28.4215
Way Point: HI089


NOTAM: Helo Accessible

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Mauna Loa Macadamea Nut Plantation

Mauna Loa Macadamia Nut Plantation invites visitors to witness the growing, harvesting and processing of Mauna Loa Macadamia Nuts into many Mauna Loa products. Hundreds of rows of macadamia nut trees line Macadamia Road on the 3 mile drive leading to the visitor center and processing plant. Visitors can view the plant where the nuts are husked and dried. An array of macadamia nut products are created and processed here, and are available for purchase directly from the shop.

Mauna Loa harvests some 35 million pounds of macadamia nuts a year for use in cooking, making confections, and for sale to the public at visitor centers and stores throughout Hawai`i and internationally. The mature macadamia nut trees create wonderful shade with their dark green foliage and white, raceme blossoms in Winter and Spring. The main harvest is in Summer and Fall.

In 1881, the first macadamia tree was brought to Hawaii from Australia, and the first pioneer plantation began in 1921. It was in 1922 that the University of Hawaii embarked on 20 years of testing and research. Some 60,000 trees were observed and tested in a painstaking process of selection and grafting. Eventually nine strains were developed that could consistently produce a high quality nut. That was the beginning of a long partnership between MAUNA LOA and the University of Hawaii, which continues today.

The original plantation of what was to become Mauna Loa Macadamia Nut Corporation was established in 1946. The very first macadamia nut trees were planted early that year near Kea'au on the Big Island of Hawaii, where that plantation continues to thrive today.

In 1956, the first commercial crop was harvested. Macadamia trees take seven years to produce a commercial crop, and 15 years before they a producing consistently. By 1976, the sugar plantation business in Hawaii was waning. Mauna Loa Macadamia Nut Corporation began converting five old sugar plantations to macadamia plantations at the rate of 1000 acres a year. Most of those trees are still producing the premium macadamia nuts that they use to produce the commercial nuts today.

Position: N19 39.3973 ... W155 0.5292
Way Point: HI090


NOTAM: Helo Accessible

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Miloli'i Point Light

Miloli'i is an unincorporated community on the island of Hawaii in the U.S. state of Hawaii, 33 miles south of Kailua-Kona.[1]The village is situated at the seacoast where the 1926 lava flow from Mauna Loa entered the ocean.

Miloli'i is purported to be "the last Hawaiian fishing village" according to a wooden sign in their community center.[2] Without access to power lines or water, each house provides its own electricity and water with solar panels and tanks that collect rain water.

On February 5, 1868 a tsunami carried a church, named Hau'oli Kamana'o and swept it away to Miloli'i. Surprisingly, the church remained in good condition and still stands in Miloli'i today.

The light was originally a 20 foot tall concrete tower. When the concrete tower showed signs of decay, it was replaced by a steel mast.

More Information:

Position: N19 11.2192 ... W155 54.4817
Way Point: HIA16 ... Miloli'i Point Light


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Napo'op'o Light and Captain Cook Memorial

Captain Cook embarked on his third voyage of discovery in 1776 aboard the Resolution, and, after a stop in Tahiti to return a native picked up during his previous voyage, Cook happened upon the Hawaiian Islands in January 1778. After two weeks of trading and friendly interaction with the islanders, the Resolution sailed north in search of the fabled Northwest Passage. The next several months were spent mapping much of the west coast of North America, with the expedition reaching as far north as the Bering Strait. As fall was setting in, Cook headed south to warmer climes.

On the morning of January 17, 1779, Captain Cook and his two vessels entered the protected waters of Kealakekua Bay during the height of a religious festival honoring the god Lono. The Hawaiians reportedly greeted Cook as Lono incarnate and honored the captain during the remainder of the celebrations. After the festival, Cook and his crew left the islands but encountered a fierce storm that snapped the foremast of the Resolution. After returning to Kealakekua Bay for repairs, a schism developed between the islanders and the explorers, and one of Cook’s small launches was stolen. Planning to take the chief captive until the vessel was returned, Cook rowed ashore with several of his crew. The abduction, however, was thwarted, and Cook and his men retreated to their boats on the beach. While trying to return to the safety of the Resolution, Cook was struck on the head and stabbed to death along with four of his men.

In 1908, a tall wooden mast topped with a lens lantern was placed on the point just west of where Cook fell to mark Kealakekua Bay, regarded as the finest anchorage on the western coast of Hawai’i. The light station property on which a keeper’s dwelling was also erected was 2.93 acres in size and was relinquished to the federal government by Governor Frear on March 16, 1909. Oliver Kua, a local farmer, served as the light's second keeper.

Today, a concrete pyramidal tower, built in 1922 just west of the Captain Cook Monument, serves to mark Cook Point and the northern entrance to Kealakekua Bay, a marine sanctuary frequented by kayakers and snorkeling expeditions. The ground on which the Cook Monument stands was deeded to the British Government, and a ship is reportedly sent by the British to perform regular maintenance.

More Information:

Lighthouse Position: N19 28.7454 ... W155 56.0511
Caption Cook Memorial Position: N19 28.8724 ... W155 55.9960
Way Point: HIA17 ... Napo'op'o Light-Captn Cook Mem.


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Pauka'a Point Light

Hilo Bay has long been the most important anchorage on the Island of Hawai’i, so it was a natural place for one of the island’s early lights. Before a breakwater was constructed, the bay was somewhat sheltered by a submerged coral reef which curved westward from Coconut Island, on the eastern side of the bay. The channel leading into the bay was thus defined by bluffs to the north of Hilo and the western extremity of the coral reef.

Pauka’a Lighthouse on August 5, 1904. The worker in the bay window was sawing off the supports for the glass windows so a lens lantern could be installed.
Several sites were suggested for the first light to mark Hilo Bay, but the one finally selected was on the shore at Pauka’a, two-and-a-half miles north of Hilo. Mariners could steer directly towards the light, and then sail south to enter the bay. The light was erected for $325 and was first lit on August 13, 1869. It seems the local sheriff was responsible for overseeing Pauka’a Light, and in 1871 he sent a report to the Hawaiian minister of the Interior. “I visited the lighthouse yesterday and find that the Chinaman in charge is very negligent in his duties, not trimming the light properly. I showed him the proper way and tonight it shows finely from here.”

In 1873, the light structure nearly blew over in a strong wind, prompting the sheriff to send another report to the minister. “This is a very valuable light to vessels coming into Hilo and it should not be allowed to go out of repair; $100 will put it in good condition. I have lately bought an excellent safety lamp for it, which throws a light visible at sea from 10 to 12 miles.”

Pauka’a Light was described in 1880 as a fixed light with an elevation of fifty feet above sea level. Incoming vessels from abroad were being charged three dollars for lighthouse dues, and the sheriff requested that some of the collected money be used to elevate the light to make it more visible. To justify his proposal, he included the following account of an exchange he had when requesting payment of the lighthouse fee. “One captain when charged for lights wanted to know where the lighthouse was and said he had not seen anything around that looked like a lighthouse.”

A decade later, in 1890, a new Pauka’a Light was built on the bluff above the original site. The light was described in the Light List as a “white box on a white trestle,” but a more accurate description would be a lamp room situated atop a wooden trestle tower with a height of thirty-five feet. Adding the height of the bluff, the new Pauka’a Light had a focal plane of 159 feet.

After the Lighthouse Board took control of Hawaii’s lights in 1904, a thirty-eight-foot mast was erected in place of the tower, which was considered to be in an unsafe condition. The white mast exhibited its light at a height of nearly thirty-three feet and had at its base a small white service house with red roof and lead-colored trimmings. The mast light was placed in operation on March 20, 1907.

Information from

Position: N19 45.8959 ... W155 5.3523
Way Point: HIA10


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Pepe'ekeo Point Light

Alia Point lies just under nine miles north of Hilo on the eastern coast of the Island of Hawai'i. In 1897, Makahanaloa Light was established on a point roughly a half mile south of Alia Point. This beacon consisted of an open wooden-frame tower that stood forty feet tall and was surmounted by an enclosed lamp room. The light was kept by a worker at the nearby Pepe'ekeo Sugar Mill Company.

Pepe'ekeo Point Light Station
Photograph courtesy U.S. Coast Guard
Shortly after assuming control of the Hawaiian aids to navigation in 1904, the Lighthouse Board published the following description of Makahanaloa Light:

This is a fixed white sixth-order light, estimated to be 65 feet above high water. The light is shown from the bay window of a small room built at the top of a wooden trestle tower 40 feet high. There is no dwelling for keeper. The tower and oil house are in a dilapidated and unsafe condition. Minor repairs were made to this tower.
On March 1, 1907, a lens lantern was established on Alia Point to replace the old Makahanloa Light. This new structure consisted of a white mast with a small white service house at its base and was known as Alia Point Light. The new name didn't last too long as the light was soon referred to as the Pepe'ekeo Point Light. Alia Point Light was displayed at a height of sixty-one feet above the ground and 124 feet about the surrounding water.

David Kalili was keeper of the light from 1908 to 1913, and he was followed by George Brockman, who served until the light was automated in 1917. At that time, the lighthouse was a seventy-five-foot pyramidal skeleton tower, and a keeper's dwelling was located just west of the light.

Sometime around 2004, the skeletal tower was replaced by a seventy-five-foot metal pole, which displays two diamond-shaped daymarks in addition to a light.

Information from:

Position: N19 50.8338 ... W155 4.9633
Way Point: HIA11 ... Pepe'ekeo Point


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Volcanos National Park - Visitor's Center

This is one of the most geologically interesting national parks in all of the United States. It is home to two active volcanoes that allow visitors to see the wonder of nature in action.

Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park was established in 01 Aug 1916 as Hawai’i National Park, and on 22 Sep 1961, its name was changed to Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park. The Park displays the results of 70 million years of volcanism, migration, and evolution — processes that thrust a bare land from the sea and clothed it with complex and unique ecosystems and a distinct human culture. The park encompasses 230,000 acres and ranges from sea level to the summit of the earth’s most massive volcano, Mauna Loa at 13,677 feet. Kilauea, the world’s most active volcano, offers scientists insights on the birth of the Hawai’ian Islands and visitors views of dramatic volcanic landscapes. Over half of the park is designated wilderness and provides unusual hiking and camping opportunities. In recognition of its outstanding natural values, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park has been honored as an International Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site.

Kilauea is a Hawaiian shield volcano that began its latest eruption in 1983 and hasn't stopped. It is found on the southeastern side of Mauna Loa on the Big Island. The eruptions continue at the volcano's Pu`u O`o cinder cone and flow down a magma tube to the sea approximately 7 miles away. Volcanologists believe that Kilauea is between 300,000 to 600,000 years old, which makes it a young volcano. They also believe that the volcano began life beneath the sea and eventually built itself out of the water through a long series of explosions. Most of the volcano is still underwater.

Except for a period between 1934 and 1952, the volcano has never been quiet. Most of its surface is covered with cooled lava, ash and tephra or debris thrown up by volcanic eruptions. Most of this material is recent and has covered the mountain over the last 1,000 years or so.

Despite the volcano's history, the area around the volcano supports many bird species, including the nene, a goose that's the state bird of Hawaii. The hawksbill sea turtle uses the shore near Kilauea to lay eggs. Some plants, such as rare ferns and vines, also flourish in the land around the volcano.

The Visitor's Center is located on the Rim of Kilauea.

Position: N19 25.2083 ... W155 17.2834
Way Point: HI091


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Waikoloa Beach Resort and Petroglyph Park

Located on the Kona Coast, Waikoloa Beach is home to a lovely area with a number of petroglyphs. Most visitors come to this area for the Hilton Waikoloa Village. There are few resorts in the world which compare to the care which has gone into creating a magical environment for guests at Hilton Waikoloa Village. While the resort is large, guests can move around the grounds using a sleek transit system or beautifully appointed wood paneled boats which cruise the canals on the grounds.

Art galleries here contain millions of dollars of Hawaiian, Oriental and other art. On the grounds are tropical gardens set with sculptures grouped by theme. A variety of species are found throughout the gardens which surround a saltwater lagoon. One highlight of the resort is a dolphin area where guests, especially children, can wade in and interact with the dolphins.

This is a fascinating area to fly over with PhotoReal Hawaii Plus. The development of this resort area is beautiful. Notice the arcitecture of the hotels. Recommended flight level 1000 feet.

Position: N19 55.6517 ... W155° 52.2089'
Way Point: HI092


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Waipio (curving water) Valley and Lookout

This is an incredibly beautiful valley on the northeastern coast of Big Island, about 50 miles north of Hilo. Waipio has often been described as a sort of "Shangri La", almost cut off from the outside world. The valley, about 1 mile wide, dissects the Kohala Mountains and is difficult to reach because of the steep cliffs on the three landward sides. Strong waves make it equally unapproachable from the sea.

Bananas, papayas, mangoes, avocados and grapefruit grow on the fertile valley floor and colorful ginger trees, orchids and hibiscus decorate the landscape. Where the valley meets the ocean is a long black sand beach. As many of the local people will tell you, it was in this area that the movie "Waterworld" was filmed.

There is a steep and twisting road into the valley which allows access by car or by foot. Most car rental companies do not allow their vehicles to be driven down into the valley so some people choose to walk down the road.

Waipio is fed by the Hiilawe Falls, which drops over 1200 ft. This double waterfall is one of the highest in the world but in the dry season has very little water nowadays because it is used to irrigate the land above the valley.

We have added the "lookout" and placed a helipad there too.


Position: N20 7.0508 ... W155 34.9745
Way Point: HI093


NOTAM: Helo Accessible

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Kauai - "The Garden Island"

plumariaKauaʻi is geologically the oldest of the main Hawaiian Islands. Known as the "Garden Island." With an area of 562.3 square miles (1,456.4 km2), it is the fourth largest of these islands and the 21st largest island in the United States.[3] Known also as the "Garden Isle", Kauaʻi lies 105 miles (169 km) across the Kauaʻi Channel, northwest of Oʻahu. This island is the site of Waimea Canyon State Park.

The United States Census Bureau defines Kauaʻi as census tracts 401 through 409 of Kauaʻi County, Hawaiʻi, which comprises all of the county except for the islands of Kaʻula, Lehua and Niʻihau. The 2010 United States Census population of the island was 67,091. The most populous town was Kapaʻa.


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kauaiHanapepe Light

The first light to mark Hanapepe Bay was a beacon fire kept by early Hawaiians on a hill above the bay to guide their canoes at night. After sugar plantations were established on Kaua'i, a private company used a reflector-equipped steamer lamp raised to the top of a thirty-six-foot frame tower to provide a red light to mark the bay.

The Hawaiian government established an official beacon at Hanapepe in 1902 in the form of an automated beacon mounted on a pyramidal tower that rested on a small enclosure. The present beacon is a flashing light mounted on a tower along with two diamond-shaped daymarks.

More Information:

Position: N21 53.5714 ... W159 36.2836
Way Point: HIA29 ... Hanapepe Light


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kauaiJurrasic Park Filming Location

One of the helicopter tours you can take when you get to Kauai is a trip out to the site where Jurassic Park was filmed. The remnants of the Jurassic Park gate are out there by a road. There are only two poles (that held up the sign) there now. But if you are interested to see where it was filmed, this way point will take you to within 2 or 3 miles of the gate site.

It is no wonder that the "Hawaiian Garden Island" was chosed for many of the scenery locations in the movie.

Position: N22 3.0614 ... W159 27.6050
Way Point: HI061


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kauaiKahala Point Light

The Hawaiian government established a light on Kahala Point in 1898 with John Hoopii serving as its keeper. In 1908, the Lighthouse Board replaced the ordinary kerosene lantern in use at Kahala Point with a lens lantern. J. F Rapozo served as keeper of this new light until it was automated in 1913.

More Information:

Position: N22 8.8111 ... W159 17.7302
Way Point: HIA26 ... Kahala Point Light


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kauaiKilauea Lighthouse

Kīlauea Point, a narrow, lava peninsula protruding from the northern shore of Kauaʻi, was purchased from the Kīlauea Sugar Plantation Company in 1909 for one US dollar.

Before construction could begin, a method for delivering supplies to the point had to be developed. Due to the lack of good roads from the Nawiliwili harbor, the decision was made to bring the materials in by sea. The lighthouse tender Kukui would anchor offshore and then dispatch small boats with supplies to a cove near the point. Since there was no beach landing, the boats would anchor to cleats cemented into the lava rocks at the point. A boom derrick, constructed on a ledge above the water, would pluck the supplies from the boats and place them on a loading platform 110 feet (34 m) above the water.

Finally, after almost four years of planning, construction began in July 1912 and the light was dedicated on May 1, 1913. The tower was built in a Classical Revival architecture style out of reinforced concrete. The tower is a slightly tapering cylinder about 52 feet (16 m) high. The upper portion has a steel circular walkway with handrail. The lens one of only seven second-order Fresnel lenses remaining in a lighthouse in the US. Barbier, Bernard, and Turenne manufactured the lens in Paris, France. The 9,000-pound (4,100 kg) lens floated on mercury and compressed air. The lens was rotated by a system of pulleys powered by weights that needed to be reset by an operator every 3.5 hours. An oil storage house was built 155 feet (47 m) southeast of the light, and a small engine house in a small cove below the point. About 1,000 feet (300 m) south is a residential area with three small stone houses. Each house and the lighthouse itself has a water storage tank.

The point is accessed from Route 56 (called Kuhio Highway), north of the town of Kīlauea. On June 29, 1927, the United States Army Air Corps pilots of the airplane Bird of Paradise, Lester J. Maitland and Albert F. Hegenberger, were attempting the first transpacific flight from California to Hawaii. An hour before dawn, aware that they were slightly north of their planned course and with their directional radio receiver not functioning, they spotted the Kīlauea Lighthouse as planned to verify their position.

A radio beacon was added in 1930, and with the added generator the light was changed to be powered by electricity. Originally 250,000 candle power, the light reached 2,500,000 candle power in 1958. The station was manned until 1974 when it was automated. In February 1976 the light was moved to a nearby smaller tower and the tower was sealed. It was one of the last lights converted to automation by the United States Coast Guard in the Hawaiian Islands. The radio beacon was replaced in 1956, and then in the 1980s converted to a visitor center. On October 18, 1979 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Hawaii as site 79000759. The historic district included 31 acres (13 ha).

In 1985 the Kīlauea Point National Wildlife Refuge, starting with the original Coast Guard Station, and then expanding to preserve the surrounding habitat. A new visitor center was built in 1988. The buildings were damaged by Hurricane Iniki in September 1992, but repaired. The visitors center is operated by the Kilauea Point Natural History Association. Starting in late 2008, the group raised funds for restoration of the lighthouse.

More Information:

Position: N22 13.8993 ... W159 24.1101
Way Point: HI063


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kauaiKokee AFS Radar Site and Kalalau Lookout

The Hawaii Air National Guard radar site at Kokee State Park near the Kalalau Lookout is a prominent area landmark. Some people say it looks like a giant golf ball sitting on a tee. The white dome (radome) can be seen from the Na Pali Coastline, giving a visual cue to the location of the Kalalau Lookout as seen from sea level. The radome protects the radar inside from the area’s heavy rainfall. The radar provides surveillance for the Hawaii region and is operated by the 150th Air Control and Warning Flight unit of the 154th Wing of the Hawaii Air National Guard.

The Kalalau Lookout features a spectacular view of Kauai’s Na Pali Coast and the Kalalau Valley. The view is one of the most featured scenes in Kauai, and is often seen on book covers, advertisements and promotional materials for the island of Kauai. The Kalalau Lookout is one of only two places where visitors can drive to and see the Na Pali Coast. It’s located on Kokee Road (Highway 550) at Mile Marker 18 (past Waimea Canyon). There are restroom facilities and picnic tables at the lookout. Do not go beyond the railings that enclose the lookout as serious injury or death could occur. Please note that clouds can sometimes obscure the view. Going early, before noon, will increase your chances of seeing the valley without clouds though no time is guaranteed.

Notam: There are two lookouts, the first is about 1 mile toward the coast from the radar station, follow the road another 2 miles to the second one.

Position: N22 8.8632 ... W159 38.6929
Way Point: HI068


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kauaiKokole Light

This light consists of a diamond-shaped dayboard on a skeleton tower with a beacon at a focal plane of fifty-eight feet.

Information from:

Position: N21 58.7402 ... W159 45.3653
Way Point: HIA30 ... Kokole Light


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kauaiKuki'i Point Light

This navigational aid consists of a twenty-two-foot pyramidal, concrete tower that displays a white flash every 2.5 seconds at a focal plane of forty-seven feet. The Kuki'i Point Light was originally powered by acetylene gas and was maintained by the keeper of the Nawiliwili Lighthouse.

Information from:

Position: N21 57.3797 ... W159 20.8755
Way Point: HIA27 ... Kuki'i Point Light


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kauaiMakaha Ridge Lookout and Tracking Station

Makaha Ridge is a part of the Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands. There is also a lookout there. The base has other support facilities at Port Allen, and Koke'e State Park. The base also uses a portion of the nearby island of Niihau for a remotely operated APS-134 surveillance radar, an 1,100-acre (450 ha) Test Vehicle Recovery Site, the Perch Electronic Warfare site, multiple EW Portable Simulator sites, and a Helicopter Terrain Flight training course.

History of the Barking Sands Base - In 1921, the land area known as the Barking Sands was acquired by the Kekaha Sugar Company and became a runway for private planes. The U.S. Army acquired the land in 1940, named it Mana Airport, and paved the runway. Additional land acquired in 1941 expanded the facility to 2,058 acres (833 ha). Private airlines frequently utilized the airport, and World War II incurred a great deal of military flight operations. The base was officially designated Bonham Air Force Base in 1954. U.S. Navy operations at Bonham began in 1956, with testing of the Regulus I missile. In 1958, the Pacific Missile Range Facility was established to support the growing demand of the Navy at Bonham. In 1964, the Pacific Missile Range Facility and Bonham was transferred to the Navy, becoming Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands.

Position: N22 8.0280 ... W159 43.6594
Way Point: HI085


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kauaiMakahu'ena Point Light

The Inter-Island Steam Navigation Company maintained a red light at Koloa Point, the southernmost point on Kaua'i, around the turn of the nineteenth century, but the aid was only displayed when one of the company's vessels was expected. In 1905, the Lighthouse Board requested funds for purchasing this beacon, along with several other lights maintained by the same company, reasoning, "These lights are necessary for the safe navigation of all vessels in their respective vicinities. There are many vessels using these lights, but being private they are only shown when their own vessels are expected."

The Lighthouse Board established an official navigational aid at Koloa Point in 1908, but this was replaced in 1922 by the Makahu'ena Light, which was built about fifteen feet north-northeast of the Koloa Light. The first Makahu'ena Light was a concrete tower with a focal plane of sixty feet. This beacon served until 1983, when it was replaced by a light atop a metal pole. The lens and lantern from the old Makahu'ena Light are on display at the Hawai'i Maritime Center in Honolulu.

The foundation pier of what was likely a former tower is still present on the site and is marked USLHS.

Information from:

Position: N21 52.1309 ... W159 26.6501
Way Point: HIA28 ... Makahu'ena Point Light


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kauaiMenehune Fish Pond

Menehune Fish Pond is located just above the Nawiliwili Harbor. Alekoko (Menuhune Fish Pond)  got it’s name from the legend that a small race of people known as Menehune built these ponds 1,000 years ago. The ponds which create a dam across a portion of the Huleia River was used to trap fish to feed the ali’i ( Hawaiian royalty). Large stones were used to create walls 900 feet across and five feet high. Legend says the ponds were completed overnight.

The Alekoko Scenic Overlook is located just off of Hulemalu Road, about 1/2 a mile from the entrance to the Nawiliwili small boat harbor. The area was designated as the Huleia National Wildlife Refuge in 1973 and now is a protected and beautiful home to many endemic water birds. The rocks are now covered in mangroves and moss.

NOTAM: The mountain above the Fish Pond is the one seen in the opening credits of M*A*S*H.

Link: Menehune Legend

Position: N21 56.9221 ... W159 22.3109
Way Point: HI064


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kauaiNa Pali Coast (Kauai)

The Nā Pali Coast State Park is a 6,175 acres (2,499 ha) Hawaiian state park located in the center of the rugged 16 miles (26 km) along the northwest side of Kauaʻi, the oldest inhabited Hawaiian island. The Nā Pali coast itself extends southwest starting at Keʻe Beach extending all the way to Polihale State Park. The na pali (high cliffs) along the shoreline rise as much as 4,000 feet (1,200 m) above the Pacific Ocean. The state park was formed to protect the Kalalau Valley.

To the east of the state park is the Hono O Nā Pali State Natural Reserve. It was established in 1983, and then extended to over 3,578 acres (14.5 km2) in 2009. Hiking trails and hunters roads have access to the sharp ridges from Koke'e Road (route 550) in Waimea Canyon.

Although inaccessible to vehicles, this coast can be enjoyed over land by hiking or in a helicopter, and from the ocean by kayak and paddleboard. Charter tours are available on rigid-hulled inflatable boat or catamaran, originating from Port Allen and Hanalei Bay. The Kalalau Trail from the end of Hawaii Route 56 (called the Kuhio Highway) provides the only land access along the coast, traversing 11 miles (18 km) and crossing five major valleys (and many smaller ones) before reaching Kalalau Beach at the base of Kalalau Valley. Side trails along the way lead to waterfalls in the valleys above.

The first settlers on the Nā Pali Coast were Polynesian navigators around 1200 AD. Soon after, many Tahitian migrants followed, shaping the culture of Kauai and other Hawaiian islands today. The coast was a center for trade between Hanalei, Waimea and Ni`ihau, and branched out to nearby island colonies. After Kauai was visited by Captain Cook in 1778, many Westerners began traveling to the island. As more foreigners arrived, the Hawaiian tribes along the Nā Pali Coast where Nā Pali Coast State Park now exists began to die off from Western diseases. The last known native Hawaiians to live along the Nā Pali Coast were sighted in the 20th century.

Position: N22 13.1562 ... W159 34.6583
Way Point: HI065

NOTAM: Fly this one just off the water at sunset. This is the view you have from the cruise ship on the last night of the cruise. (Norwegion). Just fly down along the coast. This is a beautiful trip in a boat too.


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kauaiNawiliwili Lighthouse

Hawai`i’s only navigable river, the Wailua River, is found on Kaua`i, however, no natural deepwater harbors exist along the island’s entire coastline. To remedy this situation, a portion of Nawiliwili Bay, near Lihue, was dredged and protected by a breakwater to form Nawiliwili Harbor.

Nawiliwili’s trestle tower at Nawiliwili in January 1905
The origin of the name Nawiliwili is disputed. One claim is that it comes from Wiliwili trees, which once grew in the area. A more imaginative claim is that it comes from the profile of Queen Victoria in the nearby Haupu Ridge. According to tradition, the queen is shaking an admonishing forefinger at Kaiser Wilhelm, her unpredictable nephew, and saying “Now Wili Wili!”

Ninini Point, which marks the northern entrance to Nawiliwili Bay, was leased by the Hawaiian government from the Lihue Plantation in 1897 as a site for a lighthouse, and several light structures have served on the point over the years. The first was a forty-foot, wooden, frame tower surmounted by a lamp room that housed a light and reflector at an elevation of seventy feet above the sea.

Information from:

Position: N21 57.2847 ... W159 20.1485
Way Point: HIA21


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kauaiNohili Point Light

Located at Barking Sands on the Pacific Missile Range Facility, just south of Polihale State Park.

Information from:

Position: N22 3.7463 ... W159 46.9667
Way Point: HIA31 ... Nohili Point LIght


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kauaiWiamea Canyon State Park

Waimea Canyon, also known as the Grand Canyon of the Pacific, is a large canyon, approximately ten miles (16 km) long and up to 3,000 feet (900 m) deep, located on the western side of Kauaʻi in the Hawaiian Islands of the United States. Waimea is Hawaiian for "reddish water", a reference to the erosion of the canyon's red soil. The canyon was formed by a deep incision of the Waimea River arising from the extreme rainfall on the island's central peak, Mount Waiʻaleʻale, among the wettest places on earth.

The canyon is carved into the tholeiitic and post-shield calc-alkaline lavas of the canyon basalt. The lavas of the canyon provide evidence for massive faulting and collapse in the early history of the island. The west side of the canyon is all thin, west-dipping lavas of the Napali Member, while the east side is very thick, flat-lying lavas of the Olokele and Makaweli Members. The two sides are separated by an enormous fault along which a large part of the island moved downwards in a big collapse.

The canyon has a unique geologic history as it was formed not only by the steady process of erosion but also by a catastrophic collapse of the volcano that created Kauaʻi.

Like the other Hawaiian islands, Kauaʻi is the top of an enormous volcano rising from the ocean floor. With lava flows dated to about 5 million years ago, Kauaʻi is the oldest of the large Hawaiian islands. Roughly 4 million years ago, while Kauaʻi was still erupting almost continuously, a portion of the island collapsed. This collapse formed a depression which then filled with lava flows.

In the time since, rainwater from the slopes of Mount Waiʻaleʻale have eroded Waimea Canyon along one edge of the collapse. On the east side of the canyon, the cliff walls are built from thick lava flows that pooled in the depression. Over time, the exposed basalt has weathered from its original black to bright red.

Position: N22 5.3735 ... W159 38.7977
Way Point: HI067 ... Wiamea Canyon Park


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Lanai - The Pineapple Island

Lanai - The name Lāna`i is of uncertain origin, but the island has historically been called Lānaʻi o Kauluāʻau, which can be rendered in English as "day of the conquest of Kauluāʻau." This epithet refers to the legend of a Mauian prince who was banished to Lānaʻi for some of his wild pranks at his father's court in Lāhainā. The island was reportedly haunted by Akua-ino, ghosts and goblins. Kauluāʻau chased them away and brought peace and order to the island and regained his father's favor as a consequence.

The first people to migrate here, most likely from Maui and Molokaʻi, probably established fishing villages along the coast initially but later branched out into the interior where they raised taro in the fertile volcanic soil. During most of those times, the Moʻi of Maui held dominion over Lānaʻi, but generally left the people of Lānaʻi alone. Life on Lānaʻi remained relatively calm until King Kamehameha I or Kalaniʻōpuʻu-a-Kaiamamao took control, slaughtering people across the island. So many were killed that Captain George Vancouver ignored the island in 1792, because of its apparent lack of villages and population. It is mentioned that Lānaʻi was Kamehameha's favorite fishing spot across Hawaii's main eight islands.

Lānai was first seen by Europeans on February 25, 1779, when Captain Charles Clerke sighted the island from aboard James Cook's HMS Resolution. Clerke had taken command of the ship after Cook was killed at Kealakekua Bay on February 14 and was leaving the islands for the North Pacific.

By the 1870s, Walter M. Gibson had acquired most of the land on the island for ranching. Prior to this he had used it as a Mormon colony. In 1899, his daughter and son-in-law formed Maunalei Sugar Company, headquartered in Keomuku, on the windward (northeast) coast downstream from Maunalei Valley. The company failed in 1901. Many Native Hawaiians continued to live along the less arid windward coast, supporting themselves by ranching and fishing.

In 1922, James Dole, the president of Hawaiian Pineapple Company (later renamed Dole Food Company), bought the island and developed a large portion of it into the world's largest pineapple plantation.


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Club Lanai

The former Pineapple Isle is abuzz over the nonstop changes — widely viewed as positive (by entrepaneurs but negative by native Hawaiians) — that Oracle mogul Larry Ellison has brought to this quiet island of under 3,000 residents since taking ownership last June. I’ll write more about those in the coming weeks, but old-time Maui and Lāna‘i
visitors and potential eco-travelers may be most intrigued by Ellison’s plans for “Club Lanai,” a long-abandoned oceanfront destination near remote Lōpā Beach with a wharf once used by day trippers from Maui.

Along with building desalinization plant and a second, larger runway at the airport — the other big news from Thursday night’s community meeting, reported to me by several local sources — Ellison wants to revive the palm-tree-graced area as an eco-friendly bungalow resort, perhaps similar to the old Kona Village or what used to exist on Moloka‘i Ranch. He may even pave the bumpy, stone-strewn dirt road that takes about an hour from Lāna‘i City, or (more controversially) turn a partial road and ancient Hawaiian trail from Manele Harbor into a faster route from the ferry.

Position: N20 49.7198 ... W156 48.6413
Way Point: HI077


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Halulu Heiau

Halulu Heiau is one of the most impressive archaeological sites on Lanai. Take a nature walk amidst ancient stone walls and bask in the pristine beauty of a well-preserved Hawaiian place of worship. The heiau makes a stunning presence with its stark color and intricate construction, set against the peaceful backdrop of the ancient seaside village of Kaunolu on Lanai's south shore. Halulu Heiau was one of the last few to be erected, which is why it is still mostly intact. It was in use up to circa 1819.

The heiau once served as a place of refuge, built by King Kamehameha to challenge those who broke the law. In order to be forgiven, outlaws had to make it to the temple before getting caught. The location for the heiau was strategically chosen, and it was almost impossible to reach it, making it difficult for lawbreakers to attain forgiveness. Even today, you'll have to drive up around 3 miles (4.8 km) of rough, rocky road to reach it. During the dry season, Halulu Heiau can only be accessed with a four-wheel drive vehicle. If it's wet, you can't drive here at all but will have to walk.

Position: N20 44.0799 ... W156 57.9045
Way Point: HI078


NOTAM: This one is DIFFICULT to see, it is basically a pile of rocks, about the same color as the terrain. Fly low and slow.


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Kaumalapau Harbor

Located on the southwestern coast, Kaumalapau is the main commercial seaport for Lanai. The original harbor breakwater located here was built in 1920’s but was severely damaged by hurricanes. A new breakwater was built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and was dedicated on July 7, 2007 giving Kaumalapau Harbor a one of a kind look. Buttressed by 819, white, 35-ton Core-Loc armor units — the largest of their kind in the world — the harbor appears to be surrounded by giant, jack-like concrete blocks.

Drive to Kaumalapau Harbor, perch yourself atop a stone wall and treat yourself to a romantic sunset. This is one of the best and most accessible spots on the island to get an unobstructed view of the sunset. From December thru May, you can also spot whales swimming just beyond the harbor. And throughout the year you may catch pods of spinner dolphins splashing offshore. The drive to Kaumalapau Harbor is also quite scenic, giving you distant views of western Lanai’s dramatic sea cliffs. Note that access to the harbor is limited on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays due to security matters and freight activity. There are also no facilities at the harbor

(NOTAM: Better viewed if Doug's Hawaii for Pilots is activated)

Position: N20 47.2606 ... W156 59.4916
Way Point: HI079


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Kaumalapau Light

James Dole purchased most of Lana'i from Harry and Frank Baldwin in 1922 for $1,100,000 and eventually devoted 15,000 acres of the island to pineapples, creating the largest pineapple plantation in the world. To transport the harvest from the island, the bight at the mouth of Kaumalapau Gulch was converted into a small harbor by constructing a breakwater on the north side of this small indentation along Lana'i's southwest shore. The island's first navigational light was established at the end of the breakwater in 1924, and the following year, the Bureau of Lighthouses assumed control for this beacon and established a second light on the south side of the entrance to Kaumalapau Harbor. This second light was originally a beacon mounted atop a small wooden building but has since been replaced with a metal pole, daymark placard, and a solar powered light.

The glory days for Lanai's pineapple crop came to an end in the 1980s, when foreign competition made the venture unprofitable. In 1985, David Murdock took over the nearly bankrupt Castle and Cooke, which assumed control of the Dole Food Company in 1961. Pineapple production has since ceased on the island, and Mr. Murdock has constructed two luxurious resorts, each with its own 18-hole golf course. Though the islands primary industry has switched to tourism, Kaumalapau Harbor still functions as the island's main working harbor.

Information from:

Position: N20 46.9860 ... W156 59.5025
Way Point: HIA22 ... Kaumalapau Light


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Manele Bay

Manele Harbor, located on Lanai’s south shore, has the only public boat harbor on the island. Visitors who take the ferry from Lahaina on neighboring Maui arrive here (five times daily), as well as a few fishing and snorkeling tour boats. Manele Harbor’s activity is limited to traffic from excursions and charters, while the other harbor on the island, Kaumalapau, handles commercial shipping.

There is a small pebble beach at the east corner of Manele Bay, which is a popular diving and snorkeling spot. But the swimming and sunbathing, there are better beaches on Lanai, such as neighboring Hulopoe Bay.

Position: N20 44.3636 ... W156 53.1370
Way Point: HI005 (Part of Doug's Hawaii for Pilots)


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Manele Bay Light

In 1965 a breakwater was constructed in Manele Bay to form a small harbor. At the outer end of the breakwater, a beacon mounted atop a pole anchored in a ten-foot-high white house served as an entrance light. Today, a cement base supports a pole light that serves pleasure craft and the ferry that runs between Lana'i and Maui.

Just west of Manele Bay is Hulopo'e Bay, a Marine Life Conservation District, that offers superb snorkeling, and a short distance up the hill is the Four Seasons Resort Lana'i at Manele Bay.

Information from:

Position: N20 44.5018 ... W156 53.1970
Way Point: HIA25 ... Manele Bay Light


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Palaoa Point Light

The Palaoa Point Light, also known as the Cape Ka'ea Light, was first displayed on June 6, 1934. Consisting of an automated beacon positioned atop a wooden skeletal tower, the light was one of eleven acetylene-powered lights built in the islands during the late 1920s and early 1930s. The flashing white light with a period of six seconds has a focal plane of ninety-one feet above the water and has a red sector to mark rocks to the southeast off Manele Bay.

Just up the road from the light is the site of the ancient Hawaiian village of Kaunolo where Kamehameha the Great came with his warriors to try their luck in the fertile fishing waters just offshore. Petroglyphs and the remains of houses can be found in the area. A point on the cliffs just west of the light is known as Kahekili's Leap, where Kahekili challenged others to demonstrate their loyalty to Kamehameha by following him in a death-defying, 60-foot plunge into the ocean.

Information from:

Position: N20 43.9451 ... W156 57.8904
Way Point: HIA23 ... Palaoa Point Light


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Pohakuloa Point Light

In 1925, Ralph Tinkham, Superintendent of the Nineteenth Lighthouse District, dispatched the tender Kukui to locate a site for a lighthouse on the northeast shore of Lana'i. A short time later, the Maui News carried the following report on the planned lighthouse at Laewahie on Shipwreck Beach.

According to lighthouse author Love Dean, this light was never built, but near the proposed site on what is now called Shipwreck or Kaiolohia Beach is a cement foundation referred to by many as "lighthouse ruins." The initials of three individuals, the name of a fourth, and the date 11/28/29 can still be easily read in the cement footings. One set of initials is NWW and most likely refers to N. W. Wetherby, who was an assistant lighthouse engineer responsible for construction field work during that time period.

In 1930 newly appointed Superintendent Frederick A. Edgecomb announced plans to built a light at Pohakuloa Point, a few miles west of Laewahie, where there was an opening through the reefs. This light was apparently never realized until 1968, when the northern coast of Lana'i received a light in the form of a metal pole at Pohakuloa Point, the northernmost point on Lana'i.

Information from:

Position: N20 55.7456 ... W156 59.2591
Way Point: HIA24 ... Pohakuloa Point Light


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Pu'u Pehe (Sweetheart Rock) - Near Manele Bay

Pu'u Pehe, also known as Sweetheart Rock, is located on Lanai's south shore, between Manele Bay and Hulopoe Bay. It is a beautiful location, with red rocks and cliffs that contrast sharply against the deep blue ocean. The little rock island was once part of the mainland, but the constant erosive force of the ocean separated it over time. Inside Pu'u Pehe Cove (also known as Shark's Bay) lies a small white-sand beach.

An ancient legend tells of two lovers, a young warrior from Lanai named Makakehau and a beautiful Hawaiian girl named Puupehe from Lahaina on the island of Maui. The young warrior loved the pretty girl so much that whenever he looked at her, his eyes would mist up with tears. Hence his name Maka (eyes) and Kehau (mist).

Makakehau brought Puupehe with him to live on Lanai and hid her in a sea cave at the base of a cliff because he was afraid to lose her. One day as he was out gathering supplies, he noticed a storm brewing and headed back to the cave. There he found his Puupehe drowned by the surge of the storm waves.

He was so stricken with grief that he took his girl in his arms and cried out to the gods and his ancestors to help him climb up the steep cliff of the little rock island, where he buried her. He then jumped to his death in the powerful surf and sharp rocks below.

Position: N20 44.0549 ... W156 53.4037
Way Point: HI080


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Shipwreck Beaach (Kaiolohia)

Shipwreck Beach on Lanai, also known as Kaiolohia, is known for its shallow reef and strong currents. It has wrecked many ships in the past, hence its name. The Alderman Wood, a British vessel got into trouble and sank here in 1824 – which is the first documented shipwreck. Two years later, the London, an American ship, met its fate. The London was believed to have gold and silver on board, and it is uncertain how much of it was ever recovered.

The shipwreck after which this beach is named that can still be seen today is popularly referred to as a World War II Liberty Ship. However, it is a ferrocement (reinforced concrete) gasoline barge built for the Navy in 1943. Instead of a name, these type of ships were just given a number designation. This particular ship was YOGN 42. It was purposely grounded. After the war ended, this was the most economical way to dispose of the vessel.

Shipwreck Beach is a remote beach on Lanai's north shore, and besides a few green sea turtles sunning themselves on the beach and maybe a lonely fisherman, there's only peace and quiet here. A short walk past the Shipwreck sign, there is a trail that leads about 200 yards (180 m) inland to the Kukui Point petroglyphs.

Position: N20 55.0698 ... W156 54.5486
Way Point: HI081


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Maui - The Valley Isle

Maui - Native Hawaiian tradition gives the origin of the island's name in the legend of Hawaiʻiloa, the navigator credited with discovery of the Hawaiian Islands. According to that legend, Hawaiʻiloa named the island of Maui after his son, who in turn was named for the demigod Māui. The earlier name of Maui was ʻIhikapalaumaewa.[6] The Island of Maui is also called the "Valley Isle" for the large isthmus between its northwestern and southeastern volcanoes and the numerous large valleys carved into both mountains.

Two inactive volcanic structures are the backbone of Maui. The older, western volcano has been eroded considerably and is cut by numerous drainages, forming the peaks of the West Maui Mountains (in Hawaiian, Mauna Kahalawai). Puʻu Kukui is the highest of the peaks at 5,788 feet (1,764 m). The larger, younger volcano to the east, Haleakalā, rises to more than 10,000 feet (3,000 m) above sea level, and measures 5 miles (8.0 km) from seafloor to summit, making it one of the world's tallest mountains.


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Banyan Tree Park (Lahaina)

Lahaina Banyan Court Park is a public park located at the corner of Front Street and Canal Street in the town of Lahaina, Hawaii, which was the capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1820 to 1845. The 1.94 acres (0.79 ha) park, also known as Lahaina Courthouse Square and commonly called Banyan Tree Park, contains multiple heritage sites on the Lahaina Historic Trail, and a self-guided walking tour through the Lahaina Historic Districts.

The park occupies the site of the Old Lahaina Fort, originally built in 1831. Hoapili, the Royal Governor of Maui, built the fort to protect the town from riotous sailors when Lahaina was used as an anchorage for the North Pacific whaling fleet. After the fort was demolished in 1854, a courthouse was built on the site. A portion of the old Lahaina Fort was reconstructed in 1964. The old Lahaina Courthouse was recognized as a contributing property of the Lahaina Historic District in 1965, and is currently used by the Lahaina Arts Council and the Lahaina Historic Society.

Sheriff William Owen Smith planted an Indian banyan tree in the courtyard square in 1873 to memorialize the 50th anniversary of the first American Protestant mission in Lahaina. The banyan tree has become the largest banyan tree in Hawaii, and one of the largest banyan trees in the United States. Its extensive trunk and aerial root system now covers 0.66 acres (0.27 ha). The park is managed by the County of Maui and the Lahaina Restoration Foundation.

Position: N20 52.3097 ... W156 40.6596
Way Point: HI094


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Haleakala Observatory

Haleakala Observatory is an important observation site located near the visitor center. It is above the tropical inversion layer and so experiences excellent viewing conditions and very clear skies. For over 40 years, the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy has managed this site, conducting dedicated astrophysical experiments. Due to the aforementioned location of the observatory, most of these programs could not be accomplished anywhere else in the world. One of its missions, the Maui Space Surveillance System (MSSS), is to track satellites and debris orbiting the Earth. The buildings are on a gated road just past the summit.

Position: N20 42.4673 ... W156 15.3550
Way Point: HI076

NOTAM: The observatory is at 10,000 feet. Also look at the outlying lookout areas. See Flyover.


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Hanamanioa Light

Over the years, several lights have marked Maui’s southernmost point, which surrounds La Perouse Bay and is known as Cape Hanamanioa. In 1884, the Hawaiian government established a beacon on Kanahena Point, just northwest of La Perouse Bay, to complement the light that had earlier been activated at Lahaina. J. Andersen was the first keeper assigned to the light, and as the cape consists mainly of black lava, a keeper’s dwelling was built for him three miles away in the village of Makena. A light was placed in service at Makena in 1886 to mark an anchorage used mainly by a nearby sugar mill, and a second keeper, also residing at Makena, was responsible for it.

Both the Makena and Kanahena Lights were discontinued in 1918 when the Hanamanioa Light was established on the southeast point of La Perouse Bay. This new tower was a pyramidal tower of reinforced concrete, like the surviving tower at Lahaina, and had a focal plane of seventy-three feet above the water. The light, run on acetylene, was automated from the beginning and a wooden derrick was built near the site to facilitate the landing of acetylene tanks and supplies at the cape.

Information from:

Position: N20 35.0124 ... W156 24.7241
Way Point: HIA34 ... Hanamanioa Light


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Hawea Light

Hawea Point Light originally consisted of an acetylene lens lantern mounted atop a sixteen-foot pyramidal skeleton tower. First established in 1911 or 1912, the light is now a metal pole flanked by diamond-shaped daymarkers and topped by a flashing, solar-power light.

Information from:

Position: N21 0.3280 ... W156 39.9512
Way Point: HIA38 ... Hawea Light


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Iao State Park

Towering emerald peaks guard the lush valley floor of Iao Valley State Park. Located in Central Maui just west of Wailuku, this peaceful 4,000-acre, 10-mile long park is home to one of Maui's most recognizable landmarks, the 1,200-foot Iao Needle. This iconic green-mantled rock outcropping overlooks Iao stream and is an ideal attraction for easy hiking and sightseeing.

Aside from its natural tropical beautiful, sacred Iao Valley has great historical significance. It was here in 1790 at the Battle of Kepaniwai that King Kamehameha I clashed with Maui's army in his quest to unite the islands. Even with Iao Needle serving as a lookout point, Kamehameha defeated Maui's forces in a ferocious battle that ultimately changed the course of Hawaiian history.

There is a well-marked, paved pedestrian path leading from the parking lot to view Iao Needle and the ridge-top lookout provides incredible views of the valley. The needle is sometimes covered in clouds, so an early start is your best bet for a good view. Families can also take a rainforest walk or explore interactive exhibits at the Hawaii Nature Center, which is also located within Iao Valley. Restroom facilities are available.

Read More and see video HERE

Position: N20 52.8685 ... W156 32.6710
Way Point: HI074


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Kahoolawe Island - US Coast Guard Reservation

Kahoʻolawe  is the smallest of the eight main volcanic islands in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Kahoʻolawe is located about seven miles (11 km) southwest of Maui and also southeast of Lanai, and it is 11 mi (18 km) long by 6.0 mi (9.7 km) wide, with a total land area of 44.97 sq mi (116.47 km2).[2] The highest point on Kahoʻolawe is the crater of Lua Makika at the summit of Puʻu Moaulanui, which is about 1,477 feet (450 m) above sea level.[3] Kahoʻolawe is relatively dry (average annual rainfall is less than 65 cm or 26 in)[4] because the island's low elevation fails to generate much orographic precipitation from the northeastern trade winds, and Kahoʻolave is located in the rain shadow of eastern Maui's 10,023-foot-high (3,055 m) volcano, Haleakalā. More than one quarter of Kahoʻolawe has been eroded down to saprolitic hardpan soil.

Sometime around the year 1000, Kahoʻolawe was settled by Polynesians, and small, temporary fishing communities were established along the coast. Some inland areas were cultivated. Puʻu Moiwi, a remnant cinder cone, is the location of the second-largest basalt quarry in Hawaii, and this was mined for use in sttools such as koʻi (adzes). Originally a dry forest environment with intermittent streams, the land changed to an open savanna of grassland and trees when inhabitants cleared vegetation for firewood and agriculture. Hawaiians built stone platforms for religious ceremonies, set rocks upright as shrines for successful fishing trips, and carved petroglyphs, or drawings, into the flat surfaces of rocks. These indicators of an earlier time can still be found on Kahoʻolawe.

Wikikpedia has much information on Kahoolawe ... link here

Information from:

Position: N20 30.8536 ... W156 41.0319
Way Point: HI084


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Kahoolawe South West Light

Kaho’olawe, the smallest of the eight volcanic Hawaiian Islands, has had a most interesting past. Ka’ahumanu, the favorite wife of King Kamehameha I and ruler following his death, issued an edict in 1829 stipulating that all followers of the Catholic religion were to be banished to Kaho’olawe. Men guilty of “rebellion, theft, divorce, breaking marriage vows, murder and prostitution” were also sent to Kaho’olawe, while women guilty of the same crimes were banished to Lana’i. Kaho’olawe continued to serve as a penal colony until legislation banning the practice was passed in 1853.
Starting in 1858, Kaho’olawe was leased by the Hawaiian government to ranchers, who introduced sheep on the island. Over the next few decades overgrazing denuded parts of the island, allowing the wind to blow away the precious topsoil. After Hawaii was annexed by the United States, the island was set aside as a forest reserve in 1910 in hopes of revegitating the barren land. The continued presence of wild goats thwarted this effort, and in 1918 the island was leased to cattle ranchers Eben Low and Agnus MacPhee who formed Kaho’olawe Ranch with Harry Baldwin, a Maui businessman.

Under executive order 308 issued on December 13, 1927, twenty-three acres on the southwest point of the island were set aside for lighthouse purposes. The following year, a forty-foot tower was erected providing a focal plane of 140 feet for a flashing white light.

In 1941, Kaho’olawe Ranch subleased a portion of the island to the U.S. Navy, but seven months later, when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the military assumed control of the entire island under martial law. The island was used for practicing ship-to-shore bombardment in preparation for landings throughout the Pacific. As the bombing became more intense, the light was officially discontinued in 1944. After the war, the military did not relinquish control of the island. Rather, executive order 10436, signed by President Eisenhower in 1953, reserved the entire island for naval purposes save the acreage already set aside for the lighthouse, which had been reestablished in 1952 after the navy declared the tower to be outside its target area.

Kaho’olawe was used for bombing practice during both the Korean and Vietnam Wars, and only after a lawsuit was filed by Protect Kaho’olawe Ohana in 1976 was pressure put on the government to cease the practice. In 1990, President George H. W. Bush issued an order that halted the bombing and led to the island being turned over to the State of Hawaii in 1994. The U.S. Congress allocated $400 million for removing unexploded ordinance from the island and rejuvenating its environment. The Kaho’olawe Island Reserve Commission was established to oversee the restorative effort and pledges that the island will henceforth be used “for the purposes of the traditional and cultural practices of the native Hawaiian people.”

The present, twenty-foot light tower was placed on the island in 1987.

Information from:

Position: N20 30.1307 ... W156 39.9831
Way Point: HIA32 ... Kahoolawe SW Light


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Ka'uiki Head Light

Hana (Pueokahi) Bay has a diameter of about 3/8 mile and is defined by Nanualele Point on the north and Ka’uiki Head on the south. In 1919, the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey reported that the anchorage at Hana Bay “used by the small local steamers is inside Kauiki Head in the southwesterly part of the bay, and is marked by a mooring buoy to which vessels make their stern lines fast. This anchorage is about 200 yards wide, with depths of 14 to 36 feet; it is exposed to northeast winds and sea, and during strong southwesterly blows the wind comes offshore in such heavy squalls that vessels are apt to drag.”

The Lighthouse Board knew the anchorage at Hana Bay was precarious, but since it was being used by vessels engaged in interisland trade, they felt the bay should be marked by a light. Ka’uiki Head, an extinct crater with a height of 390 feet, was considered as a site for a light, but the tiny islet of Pu’uki’i located just off the head was selected instead. For some reason, however, the light has always been called the Ka’uiki Head Light. Pu’uki’i means Image Hill and at one time the image of a native god was displayed on the islet by King Umi to ward off invaders.

In 1909, a forty-foot mast and a small, one-story keeper’s dwelling, with a living room, kitchen, and bedroom, were erected on Pu’uki’i. A redwood tank was used to capture water from the dwelling’s roof for use of the keeper. Manuel Ferriera, who was born in Hana in 1885, was the first keeper of the light. Each night, he would light the kerosene lamp before sunset and hoist it to the top of the pole. Ferriera began his light keeping career at Ka’uiki Head Light and later moved on to serve at six other lighthouses including Barber’s Point and Moloka’i.

A fourteen-foot pyramidal reinforced concrete tower was built on Pu’uki’i in 1914, and the light source was changed from kerosene to acetylene, allowing the station to be automated

Information from:

Position: N20 45.3838 ... W155 58.7336
Way Point: HIA35 ... Ka'uiki Head Light


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Lahaina Light

Between 1820 and 1860, Hawai`i was popular with whalers as a stopover point for refitting and reprovisioning, and the high cost of supplies and port charges at Honolulu made Lahaina the port of choice for whale ships. To aid the ships in reaching the port, the first lighthouse in Hawai`i was constructed at Lahaina in 1840. The light was built on a section of waterfront known as Keawaiki that means literally “the small passage,” referring to a narrow break through the coral reef that led to protected anchorage.
The only existing record of the original lighthouse is a letter written from John Kapena of Lahaina to Paulo Kanoa in Honolulu. In the letter, Kapena describes the original light as a “tall looking box-like structure, about nine feet high and one foot wide, so was all sides; built on a suitable position facing the landing.” It was positioned so the landing was marked for “those vessels, boats, and canoes that may come in port at night; because there were quite a number of boats wrecked by the waves.” The lighthouse was first lit on November 4, 1840, and the keeper was paid a salary of $20 per year. The whaling ships using the port were charged $1 for the lighthouse, $10 for anchorage and pilotage, and $3 for water.

Picture from the Pacific Commercial Advertiser of January 14, 1906 showing the 1905 lighthouse and the 1866 light it replaced
In 1866, a third lighthouse was put into operation at Lahaina. Little information exists regarding the second light to serve the port, but some rough details concerning it are given in the following excerpt from the Hawaiian Gazette announcing the establishment of the third light.

The old Light House at this port has been pulled down, and a new one erected on the old site, somewhat enlarged. The old house was 19 feet by 25 feet, the new one is 25 feet by 30 feet, and a light tower built on top, containing a light room and a sleeping room for the light-keeper. The lamps are altered to burn kerosene oil, instead of whale oil.

The storehouse below the light tower was leased to the owners of a sugar plantation at a rate of $96 per year.
Lahaina served as the capital of the Kingdom of Hawai`i from 1820 until 1845, when the capital was moved to Honolulu. A group of armed businessmen overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893 and established a provincial government. The U.S. government officially annexed Hawai`i on July 7, 1898, but it would not be until 1904 that the government took control of the aids to navigation in the islands.

In 1917, the wooden trestle tower was replaced by the current thirty-nine foot, pyramidal, concrete tower at a cost of $1,549, which included improvements to the seawall. A metal ladder leads up one side of the tower to the platform from which a fixed red light is shown. The durability and ease of maintaining such concrete towers led to their wide deployment throughout the islands. A metal plaque placed at the tower in 1984 by the Lahaina Restoration Foundation, the caretakers for the lighthouse, gives a brief history of the towers built at the site, which was originally home to the “oldest Pacific lighthouse”:

On this site in 1840, King Kamehameha III ordered a nine-foot wooden tower built as an aid to navigation for the whaling ships anchored off Lāhainā. It was equipped with whale-oil lamps kept burning at night by a Hawaiian caretaker who was paid $20 per year.
The tower was increased to 26 feet in 1866, rebuilt in 1905, and the present concrete structure was dedicated by the Coast Guard in 1916. Thus, this light was the first in the Hawaiian Islands and pre-dates any lighthouse on the US Pacific Coast.

Information from:

Position: N20 52.3467 ... W156 40.7187
Way Point: HIA39 ... Lahaina Light


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McGregor Point Light

In 1877 Samuel G. Wilder organized the Wilder Steamship Company and initiated passenger and freight service between the Hawaiian Islands with a fleet of steamers. At that time, there were few navigational aids maintained by the Hawaiian Government, so the steamship company was forced to erect lighted beacons for the safety of its own vessels. One of these private aids was placed at Ma’alaea Bay in the 1880s and was an ordinary lantern, fitted with red glass and displayed from a post. When the Lighthouse Board assumed responsibility for navigational aids of the Territory of Hawai’i in 1904, it replaced the lantern with a lens lantern suspended from a twelve-foot post.

In 1903 an acre and a third of land was acquired by presidential proclamation on McGregor Point, just over a mile southwest of Ma’alaea Bay, and in 1906 a light was established on the point to replace the one at Ma’alaea Bay. This new light consisted of a lens lantern mounted atop a thirty-two-foot mast, with a small storage shed at its base. A one-story dwelling was constructed just northwest of the light for the keeper.

In the 1870s Daniel McGregor captained vessels involved in the Ko’olau trade. Ko’olau means windward side of an island, and the Ko’olau trade involved the delivery of supplies between windward landings by interisland vessels. On one stormy night, Captain McGregor was bound for the landing at Ma’alaea Bay but knew the turbulent seas would prevent his anchoring there. Determined to find an alternate landing for the night, Captain McGregor sent three men forward with lead lines to sound the water while he probed the rugged shoreline in the pouring rain for an adequate anchorage. Between two and three o-clock in the morning, when the winds suddenly diminished and the water became significantly shallower, the captain ordered the anchor dropped for the night. The next morning McGregor awoke to find that he had discovered an excellent cove, which, along with the protecting point, still bear his name.

The 1906 light at McGregor Point was replaced by a twenty-foot reinforced concrete pyramidal tower by 1915. The focal plane of this tower, which today shows a flashing green light, is seventy-two feet above sea level.

Information from:

Position: N20 46.6748 ... W156 31.3848
Way Point: HIA40 ... McGregor Light


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Molokini Crater

The Molokini Crater is a volcanic atoll (ring-shaped coral reef) off the south coast of Maui. The crater is one of only 3 similar sites in the world and is the state’s only island marine sanctuary. The dramatic crescent-shaped crater is partially submerged and can be seen 4km (2.5 miles) off shore in the Alalakeiki Channel west of Makena State Park south of Maalaea Bay. The crater-island is uninhabited and measures 0.6km (0.4 miles) in diameter and 50 meters (161 feet) at its highest point. The crater was formed after an eruption approximately 230,000 years ago and it eroded over the years leaving the present crescent-shaped atoll.

The site was a popular fishing ground from about 500AD to the 1940s. During WWII the US military forces used the island for bombing practice. In 1977 the site was declared a protected marine and bird sanctuary. Today the island has day-use mooring stations where tour boats can dock while visitors dive, snuba and snorkel around the incredible reefs. The coral reefs around the island are home to approximately 250 species of tropical fish and there is excellent visibility.

The crater is a popular dive, snuba and snorkeling site and is a State Marine Life and Bird Conservation District. There are several ways you can visit the crater: Book an organized tour and take one of the boats which leave regularly to the island for a few hours or the day. Tours leave from in front of the Makena Beach & Golf Resort in Makena; Kihei Boat Ramp; Maalaea Harbor and Lahaina Harbor. Each of the sailing excursions offers different meals, hours and opportunities.

Position: N20 37.9476 ... W156 29.7842
Way Point: HI075


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Molokini (Crater) Light

Early each morning, a flotilla of boats departs Maui bound for Molokini, Hawaii’s premiere snorkeling destination. Once secured to a mooring inside the crescent-shaped crater, the vessels disgorge their sun-starved tourists, equipped with flippers, masks and snorkels, to enjoy a colorful array of coral and marine life. Molokini is often billed as one of the top ten dive spots in the world, but that ranking is most likely a measure of Molokini’s popularity not natural beauty, even though the visibility is typically 150 feet or better inside the crater.

Early view of Molokini Light
During daylight hours, Molokini’s height of 160 feet above the ocean makes it easily visible, but at night, it poses a navigational hazard for interisland navigation. The Lighthouse Board first proposed a light for Molokini in 1905, but funds were not allocated for the project until five years later. On September 13, 1910, Walter Francis Frear, governor of the Territory of Hawaii, reserved the entire eighteen-and-a-half-acre island of Molokini for lighthouse purposes.

In 1911, a sixteen-foot-tall, skeletal tower was erected on the southwest rim of the crater where it had a focal plane of 173 feet above the water. The tower’s automated light, which went into service on March 11, 1911, was powered by acetylene and emitted a white flash every three seconds. The Lighthouse Service Bulletin noted that on March 18, 1921, Molokini Light, the first compressed acetylene gas light established in the Hawaiian Islands, completed ten years of service without having been extinguished.

In October 1925, Ralph Tinkham, superintendent of the Nineteenth Lighthouse District, dispatched the tender Kukui to replace the Molokini light tower. “The framework in the present tower,” Tinkham noted, “has deteriorated and we shall not only construct a new one, but shall also raise the height from 173 feet to 187 feet as complaints have been received from time to time that the light is hidden by a jutting piece of land to the north. The new light will raise it above this obstruction.”

Molokini Light burned for nineteen years and eight months without being extinguished. As the light flashed every three seconds, this amounted to approximately 207,000,000 flashes during this period. The lantern and flasher were exchanged for overhauling and cleaning about every four years. This impressive record of continuous service ended in November 1930, when either an air pocket or acetone in the gas line caused the light to go out.

This second light marked Molokini for twenty-two years until it too succumb to the elements and was replaced in 1947 by a twenty-five-foot skeletal tower, which displayed an electric light powered by batteries stored in a shack built inside the base of the tower. In April 1989, a powerful storm packing winds of over sixty miles an hour toppled the 1947 tower and sent it tumbling down the crater. Members of the Coast Guard ANT team were soon helicoptered to the island to erect a temporary beacon and later the metal pole and solar powered light that grace Molokini today.

Information from:

Position: N20 37.8313 ... W156 29.8423
Way Point: HIA33 ... Molokini Light


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Nakalele Light

In 1908, the Lighthouse Board selected “the most northerly point of the westerly part” of Maui, known as Nakalele Point, for the erection of a forty-foot wooden mast atop which a temporary light could be displayed. By 1910, a keeper’s dwelling had been constructed on the point and a boxlike platform was built on its roof for displaying a fixed-white light.

John M. Hanuna was keeper of the Nakalele Point Light from 1910 to 1915, when John K. Mahoe took over responsibility for the light. Luther K. Kalama was appointed keeper in 1917, and he served until the light was automated in 1922. The characteristic of the light was changed to flashing white upon automation.

Information from:

Position: N21 1.7034 ... W156 35.4008
Way Point: HIA37 ... Nakalele Light


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Pa'uwela Point Light

In 1910, acreage was acquired on Pa’uwela Point from the Haiku Sugar Company for the establishment of a coastal beacon to mark the eastern approach to Kahului Harbor. A temporary acetylene light was activated on the point in August of that year, until a keeper’s dwelling with a wooden light tower mounted on its roof could be completed. Philip Kepilino was the first keeper of Pa’uwela Lighthouse and served until the light was automated in 1921. At this time, an acetylene light was installed atop a new metal, pyramidal tower, and the keeper’s dwelling was sold at auction.

By 1936, all the lighthouses on Maui had been automated, but in 1937, the Bureau of Lighthouses decided to install a powerful airways revolving beacon on Pa’uwela Point that required an attendant. The new light produced a beam of 560,000 candlepower, much more than the 480 candlepower of its predecessor, and was situated atop a seventy-two-foot reinforced concrete tower located near the engine house that sheltered the beacon’s generators. Equipped with a green lens, the piercing light was easily distinguished from automobile lights or the numerous other white lights on the island.

John Enos kept the light, which was Maui’s brightest, from 1937 until he was sent to the Moloka’i Lighthouse during World War II, leaving coastguardsmen to run Pa’uwela Point Station. In 1946, Edward Marques was transferred from Moloka’i to Pa’uwela Point, where a forty-eight-foot, steel skeletal tower had replaced the concrete tower. The dwelling where Keeper Marques lived with his wife and family was the same structure built in 1937 and consisted of a living room, two bedrooms, a kitchen, and a porch. Electricity was only available at night when the generators were powering the navigational aid, so the house was equipped with a gas-powered washing machine and a refrigerator and stove that ran on kerosene.

Marques was forced to resign in 1962, after twenty-six years of lighthouse service, as arthritis had started to cripple his hands. His replacement was Robert Hearn, who was assisted by his wife Elizabeth after Robert was seriously injured in an automobile accident. The couple’s job was made somewhat easier when they received the following automation notice that allowed them to be absent from the station past dark. “At 1200 local time, 1 September 1964 your station will discontinue functioning as a Light Station and commence operating as Pauwela Point Light Attendant Station.” When the Hearns were later replaced, it was recommended that two coastguardsmen be assigned to the station as the assignment was considered too much for one person working alone.

At some point, Coast Guard personnel and all buildings were removed from Pa’uwela Point, and the skeletal tower was replaced by a light atop a pole. On March 30, 1981, the General Services Administration approved the transfer of the excess land on Pa’uwela Point to Maui County for the establishment of a park. Anyone who makes the 1.2-mile drive down the rutted, red clay road to Pa’uwela Point today will acquire an immediate appreciation for the effort required of Keepers Marques and Hearns to leave their station, reach another light located as much as fifty-miles away, perform any required tasks, and return home thirty-minutes before sunset.

Information from:

Position: N20 56.7576 ... W156 19.3034
Way Point: HIA36 ... Pa'uwela Point Light


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Molokai - "The Friendly Island"

alohaMolokaʻi often called the "Friendly Island", is an island in the Hawaiian archipelago. It is 38 by 10 miles (61 by 16 km) in size at its extreme length and width with a usable land area of 260 square miles (673.40 km2), making it the fifth-largest of the main Hawaiian Islands and the 27th largest island in the United States.[2] It lies east of Oʻahu across the 25-mile (40 km) wide Kaiwi Channel and north of Lānaʻi, separated from it by the Kalohi Channel.

The island has been known both for developments by Molokai Ranch on much of the island, for pineapple production, cattle ranching and tourism. Residents or visitors to the west end of Moloki. You can see the lights of Honolulu on O'ahu at night; they can view nearby Lānaʻi and Maui from anywhere along the south shore of the island. In Kalawao County, on the Kalaupapa Peninsula on the north coast, settlements were established in 1866 for quarantined treatment of persons with leprosy; these operated until 1969. The Kalaupapa National Historical Park now preserves this entire county and area.


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Halawa Valley, Beach and Waterfall

Halawa (Hawaiian: Hālawa) is a valley and ahupua'a (traditional land division) at the eastern end of the island of Molokai in Hawaii, United States.

The valley extends some 2 miles inland from the sea. At the head of the valley are two waterfalls, the Mo'aula Falls, 250 feet (76 m) high, and the Hipuapua Falls, 500 feet (150 m) high. (Hipuapua Falls is added to scenery).

Halawa is the site of one of the earliest settlements in Hawaii. The archeological features of the valley date back 1,350 years, the longest period of continuous Hawaiian cultural development. The valley was extensively used for the production of taro, and at one time supported a population of several thousand. Archeological remains include 17 heiau (temples), irrigation channels and ancient walls and terraces.

The traditional Hawaiian way of life continued in Halawa well into the 20th century. The valley was flooded by the 1946 tsunami and again by the 1957 tsunami, which destroyed the taro fields. The valley was then abandoned.Only a few families now live in the valley.

Position: N21 9.5349 ... W156 44.3751
Way Point: HI070


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Kalaupapa (Historic Leper Colony)

Kalaupapa is a small unincorporated community on the island of Molokaʻi, within Kalawao County in the U.S. state of Hawaii. In 1866, during the reign of Kamehameha V, the Hawaii legislature passed a law that resulted in the designation of Molokaʻi as the site for a leper colony, where seriously affected patients could be quarantined, to prevent them from infecting others. At the time, the disease was little understood: it was believed to be highly contagious and incurable. The communities where persons with leprosy lived and were treated were under the administration of the Board of Health, which appointed superintendents on the island. Kalaupapa is located on the Kalaupapa Peninsula at the base of some of the highest sea cliffs in the world; they rise 2,000 feet (610 m) above the Pacific Ocean.

The village is the site of a former settlement for leprosy patients. The original leper colony was first established in Kalawao in the east, opposite to the village corner of the peninsula. It was there where Father Damien settled in 1873. Later it was moved to the location of the current village, which was originally a Hawaiian fishing village. The settlement was also attended by Mother Marianne Cope, among others. At its peak, about 1,200 men, women, and children were in exile in this island prison. The isolation law was enacted by King Kamehameha V and remained in effect until 1969, when it was finally repealed. Today, about fourteen former sufferers of leprosy (which is also known as Hansen's Disease) continue to live there.[6] The colony is now included within Kalaupapa National Historical Park.

Shortly before the end of mandatory isolation in 1969, the state legislature considered closing the facility entirely. Intervention by interested persons, such as entertainer Don Ho and TV newsman Don Picken, resulted in allowing the residents who chose to do so to remain there for life. The opponents to closure pointed out that, although there were no active cases of leprosy in the colony, many of the residents were physically scarred by the disease to an extent that would make their integration into mainstream society difficult if not impossible.

Position: N21 11.3746 ... W156 58.8986
Way Point: HI071


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Kaunakakai is a census-designated place (CDP) in Maui County, Hawaiʻi, United States. It is the largest town on the island of Molokaʻi. The population was 3,425 at the 2010 census. It is "twinned" with Embo in Scotland. The town was made famous in the 1930s by the song "The Cockeyed Mayor of Kaunakakai", beginning an ongoing tradition of designating an honorary mayor for the town.

In the mid-1800s, King Kamehameha V sometimes spent his summers on Molokai at a home in Kaunakakai. The main street of Kaunakakai, Ala Malama Avenue, was named after the king's summer home.

This is the main port for Molokai. If you have the "Doug's Hawaii" scenery activated, you will see much activity in the dock area.

Position: N21 5.1276 ... W157 1.4410
Way Point: HI072


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Molakai Light

Most of the long northern shore of Moloka`i is lined by dramatic sea cliffs that drop over 3,000 feet to the ocean, but near the middle of the island, the Kalaupapa Peninsula extends oceanward from the base of the cliffs for a couple of miles. Kalaupapa means ‘flat leaf’ and is an accurate description of the leaf-shaped peninsula that was formed by a low volcano, which broke the surface of the water long after the rest of Moloka`i was formed. The peninsula is an isolated place, surrounded by the ocean on three sides and the sheer cliffs on the south.

Leprosy was first diagnosed in the Hawaiian Islands in 1835, and, like many diseases, was introduced by foreigners. To prevent the spread of leprosy, King Kamehameha V signed into law an act in 1865 that banished all people who had contracted the disease to the Kalaupapa Peninsula. The first shipment of patients, consisting of nine men and three women, was made in January 1866. Some captains transporting patients to the settlement were so afraid of the disease that they simply dumped the afflicted into the bay, forcing them to swim to the peninsula.

Father Damien (Joseph de Veuster) arrived at the settlement in 1873 and dedicated the remainder of his life to the exiled people. He built a church and housing for the settlement, improved the water supply, bandaged oozing sores, and buried the dead. In 1885, Father Damien was officially diagnosed with leprosy, and he died at the settlement on April 15, 1889, at the age of forty-nine. Over the years, roughly 8,000 people were relocated to the peninsula to live out their final days in isolation.

The great bulk of the Pacific coast commerce passes through the channel between the islands of Oahu and Molokai. Many hundred vessels now pass annually through this channel, and the number is rapidly increasing, and there are, with the single exception of the light-house at Diamond Head, no light-houses whatever on the exposed points of either of these islands. There is a small light on the farther point of the island of Molokai, but it is not visible more than about 5 miles at sea.

A light was recommended for Makapu`u Point on Oahu to mark one side of the channel, and the northern tip of the Kalaupapa Peninsula was considered the ideal spot for a second lighthouse, but lawmakers were reluctant to place the light near the leprosy settlement. The existing light on Moloka`i was at La’au Point, the island’s westernmost point, but this wasn’t of much use for vessels approaching the islands from the east.

After repeated denials for the funding of a major light on the peninsula, the Lighthouse Board opted to construct an inexpensive temporary light at the point. A fixed, red lens-lantern, placed atop a thirty-four-foot mast, went into service on March 1, 1906. The temporary light functioned for one year before Congress finally appropriated $60,000 for a permanent lighthouse on the peninsula.

Information from:

Position: N21 12.5752 ... W156 58.1815
Way Point: HIA41 ... Molokai Light


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Wailau Valley

Wailau is an isolated valley on the North Shore of the island of Molokai, Hawaii, United States. It can be reached only by boat (and only in the summer) or formerly by a hiking trail from the south coast of the island which is now overgrown and virtually impassable.

Wailau Valley is backed by the world's tallest sea cliffs and several tall waterfalls that cascade down from the cliffs. This is the largest valley on this stretch of coastline, which is known for its almost inaccessible terrain. Boats are the primary means of accessing the valley. A sandy beach lines the Wailau Valley coastline.

The valley was an ancient ahupuaa, and well populated until the 19th century, and contained many taro plantations. The valley is now unpopulated, although Molokai residents occasionally camp by the beach at the mouth of the valley in the summer.

The northern flank of the volcano has been truncated by enormous cliffs rising 900 metres (3,000 ft) from the sea. The sea cliffs were formed when the northern third of the East Molokai Volcano suddenly collapsed and slid off into the sea, about 1.4 million years ago. The landslide was so fast and powerful that it extended 190 kilometres (120 mi) into the sea, and generated a 600 metres (2,000 ft) high megatsunami that inundated the rest of Moloka

The East Molokai has a width of 70 km (43 mi) and a length of 150 km (93 mi). It is overlapped by the West Molokai, Lanai and Haleakalā shield volcanoes. Its shield formation began two million years ago and ended 1.5 million years ago whereas its postshield eruptions occurred 1.5 to 1.3 million years ago. The pahoehoe shield volcano of the Kalaupapa Peninsula postdates the main shield volcano of East Molokai and is considered to represent the last volcanic phase of East Molokai.[1] The highest point is the peak called Kamakou on the southern rim at 21°6′23″N 156°52′5″W.[2][3] The Pēpēʻōpae bog is just below the rim.

Position: N21 8.9168 ... W156 51.5635
Way Point: HI073


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Niihau - The Forbidden Island

alohaNiihau Island - King Kamehameha IV put Niihau up for sale in 1863, and Kauai resident Elizabeth Sinclair bought the island for $10,000 (she reportedly chose to purchase Niihau over a few other pieces of real estate, including Waikiki and Pearl Harbor). Today, Sinclair’s descendants, the Robinson family, continue her commitment to maintain Niihau’s Hawaiian culture. The Hawaiian language is spoken almost exclusively on the island.
As you can imagine, life on the island is simple, tranquil and blissfully uneventful. That wasn’t the case on December 7, 1941, however. After the infamous attack on Pearl Harbor, a lone Japanese pilot crashed his plane on Niihau and took the entire village of Puuwai hostage. Thankfully, two men, Hawila Kaleohano and Beni Kanahele, were able to disarm and kill the intruder. Kanahele, who was shot three times in the incident, reportedly grabbed the pilot and flung him against a wall, cracking his skull. He later received a Purple Heart for his heroics.

A more welcome visitor to Niihau is the endangered Hawaiian monk seal. The population of the species has grown over the years, up to about 35 seals. Ten to 12 seal pups are born on the island every year.
Because most of Niihau is low and dry, the island is too arid to be used for cultivation. Much of the land, in fact, is used for raising cattle, and most residents work on the Robinsons’ ranch. Each family on the island tends to their own garden to supplement the beef and mutton that are raised on the ranch.

Niihau’s beaches are famous for their rare shells. A Niihau shell lei can be valued at hundreds or even thousands of dollars.


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Lehua Atol (Island)

Lehua Atol, Hawai’i is home to one of the largest and most diverse seabird breeding colonies in the main Hawai’ian Islands. However, attempts by the IUCN Endangered Newell’s Shearwater to establish a breeding colony on Lehua have failed since the introduction of invasive, nonnative predators. With the removal of invasive rats, and owls successfully controlled, Lehua will become a key breeding site and the largest invasive mammal-free habitat for this highly imperiled seabird.

The island’s plant community experienced a reprieve when invasive rabbits were removed from Lehua in 2006 by a partnership including the Hawai‘i Department of Land and Natural Resources, US Fish and Wildlife Service, National Tropical Botanical Gardens, and Island Conservation; however, rats continue to threaten the island’s plants through herbivory and seed predation. High offshore islands like Lehua are critically important to the long-term conservation of threatened species in Hawai‘i as they are less likely to be affected by increases in sea level associated with climate change.

Position: N22 1.1366 ... W160 5.8958
Way Point: HI082

Interesting side information: Rats and Rabbits on Lehua


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Niihau Tracking Station

The Pacific Missile Range Facility at Barking Sands uses a portion of the nearby island of Niihau for a remotely operated APS-134 surveillance radar, an 1,100-acre (450 ha) Test Vehicle Recovery Site, the Perch Electronic Warfare site, multiple EW Portable Simulator sites, and a Helicopter Terrain Flight training course.

Position: N21 57.3312 ... W160 5.0092
Way Point: HI083


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Oahu - The Gathering Place

alohaOʻahu (pronounced "O_ah_hu" or Oahu /oʊˈɑːhuː/, known as "The Gathering Place", is the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands. It is home to about two-thirds of the population of the U.S. state of Hawaii. The state capital, Honolulu, is on Oʻahu's southeast coast. Including small close-in offshore islands such as Ford Island and the islands in Kāneʻohe Bay and off the eastern (windward) coast, it has a total land area of 596.7 square miles (1,545.4 km2), making it the 20th largest island in the United States. Along with the rest of the Hawaiian Islands, Oahu is one of the largest and northernmost islands of Polynesia.

In the greatest dimension, this volcanic island is 44 miles (71 km) long and 30 miles (48 km) across. The length of the shoreline is 227 miles (365 km). The island is the result of two separate shield volcanoes: the Waiʻanae and Koʻolau Ranges, with a broad "valley" or saddle (the central Oʻahu Plain) between them. The highest point is Kaʻala in the Waiʻanae Range, rising to 4,003 feet (1,220 m) above sea level.


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Aloha Tower (Also a "minor light")

The Aloha Tower is a lighthouse that is considered one of the landmarks of the state of Hawaii in the United States. Opened on September 11, 1926 at a then astronomical cost of $160,000, the Aloha Tower is located at Pier 9 of Honolulu Harbor. It has been, and continues to be, a guiding beacon welcoming vessels to the City and County of Honolulu. Just as the Statue of Liberty greeted hundreds of thousands of immigrants each year to New York City, the Aloha Tower greeted hundreds of thousands of immigrants to Honolulu. At 10 stories and 184 feet (56 m) of height topped with 40 feet (12 m) of flag mast, for four decades the Aloha Tower was the tallest structure in Hawaii. It was built in the Hawaiian Gothic architectural style.

When the attack on Pearl Harbor came on December 7, 1941, Coast Guardsmen from the USCGC Taney (WHEC-37) were ordered to take up defensive positions around Aloha Tower and protect it from being occupied. The Aloha Tower was painted in camouflage to disappear at night.

In 1981, the Governor of Hawaii and the Hawaii State Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism established the Aloha Tower Development Corporation. The public corporation was charged with developing the land around the Aloha Tower to benefit the state's commercial trade industry based at Honolulu Harbor while at the same time providing the residents of Hawaii with ample access to the downtown waterfront. The entire Aloha Tower Complex, as defined by the public corporation, was identified as Piers 5 and 6, Piers 8 through 23, and portions of Nimitz Highway and Iwilei.

The Aloha Tower Development Corporation continues its work today with plans to modernize the facilities and infrastructure in and around the Aloha Tower Complex. Its most significant hurdle is to find a way of making travel through Nimitz Highway more efficient. In 2004, a controversial proposal was made to construct an underground highway tunnel beneath the complex.Other proposals include the establishment of streetcars, elimination of commercial high-rises in the area and increase of high-rise residential units instead. State officials want to close the parking lot fronting the Aloha Tower and destroy the adjacent Hawaiian Electric Company power plant, then fill the space with a park. In consideration of heightened security measures after 9/11, tourist access to the observation deck was restricted, but has since been reopened.

As of 2013 the shopping center and Aloha Tower itself have fallen into a state of disrepair, most of the store fronts are now gone and the entire mall and tower is showing damage. Many of the ships that were once tourist attractions have ceased operating, the Falls of Clyde has been stripped of her masts and is now a derelict sitting in the harbor.

Today Hawaii Pacific University has purchased the tower and is continuing to redevelop the space. The second floor is now used as student housing with 268 beds. The ground floor features the HPU Welcome Center as well as other student facilities, and there are also some restaurants.

Information from:

Position: N21 18.3938 ... W157 51.9411
Way Point: HI066


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Barbers Point Light

Having a landmark or prominence named after you is typically considered an honor, however, in the case of Barbers Point, it is doubtful that such was the case. On October 31, 1796, the brig Arthur, captained by Henry Barber, was sailing west from Honolulu to Canton with a load of sea otter pelts aboard, when, shortly after leaving Honolulu, it struck a coral reef that extends from the southwest tip of the island of Oahu. Six of the crew of twenty-two along with the ship were lost in the wreck. Since the grounding, the point has been associated with Captain Baber of the ill-fated vessel. In 1968, the U.S. Board of Geographic Names dropped the apostrophe, changing the name from Barber's Point to Barbers Point.

Six years passed before $3,000 was provided to construct the tower on land donated by James Campbell. Peter High submitted the lowest of the six bids received for the project in early February 1888, and he was awarded a contract to construct a stone lighthouse for $1,892 and a keeper’s dwelling for $309. During the first part of 1888, a forty-two-foot tower was constructed of coral stone laid in a cement mortar, and a frame dwelling was built. Upon completion, the tower was painted white and topped with the red lantern room.

To make its light more readily distinguishable from the steady plantation lights in the vicinity, the lighthouse was remodeled in 1912 to accommodate a fourth-order, double-flash lens illuminated by an incandescent oil vapor lamp. The new lens revolved once every five seconds to produce two 0.1-second flashes separated by 1.1 seconds and followed by a 3.7-second eclipse. This series of photographs shows the lighthouse in 1912 before, during, and after the major alteration. Note that prior to the remodeling an external set of metal steps led to the top of the lighthouse.

By 1930, the tower was showing signs of deterioration and plans were made to replace the structure. An appropriation of $20,000 was secured in 1933 for erecting a seventy-two-foot, reinforced-concrete, cylindrical tower next to the original one. At the same time, generators were installed at the station to supply electricity to both the lighthouse and the keeper’s dwellings. The lens was transferred from the old tower to the new one, where it was first lit on December 29, 1933 500-watt bulb. With a crowd of interested spectators looking on, cuts were made in the coral stone on one side of the old tower, causing it to topple over.

Keeper John M. Sweeney observed the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour on December 7, 1941 and a few days later wrote the following letter describing events at the station. At 8:00 a.m. many planes were seen overhead, both Japanese and ours. Dog fighting continued for twenty minutes, bullets hitting the ground in bursts. Then all planes headed south, our planes chasing them. Seemed to have come from the windward side, and left the Island on Barbers Point side.
Two parachutists were dropped close to the station; they were confused in the kiawi trees and prowled around the station all Sunday night, the Fort Kam. 55th C.A. boys firing at them with rifles and machine guns. One was wounded, and was later found on the beach, buried by his mate. His feet were sticking out of the sand. The other was later shot by an officer.

On April 15, 1964, a thirty-six-inch airway beacon replaced the station’s Fresnel lens, and Fred Robins, the last keeper, left the automated lighthouse later that year on December 7. Keeper Robins had three stints of service at the lighthouse. Following in his father’s and grandfather’s footsteps, Robins became a lighthouse keeper, and at the age of sixteen was assigned to serve at Barbers Point. After enduring two years of isolation at the lighthouse, the young Robins quit to join the Merchant Marines. However, in 1930 he rejoined the Lighthouse Service and was again assigned to Barbers Point. After three years at Barbers Point, Robins went on to serve at lighthouses on Kaua`I and Moloka`I, before returning to Barbers Point in 1953 for eleven more years of service.

The lantern room was likely removed from the Barbers Point Lighthouse when it was automated. In 1985, the airway beacon was replaced by a Double Barreled Rotating Optic Directional Code Beacon (DCB-224), which increased the range of the light to twenty-four nautical miles.

Information from:

Position: N21 17.7847 ... W158 6.3726
Way Point: HIA45 ... Barbers Point Light


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Diamond Head Crater

Diamond Head Crater is on the eastern edge of the Waikiki coastline. The site has an interesting military history and an iconic hiking trail leading to the summit where there are amazing sea views. The crater is within the Diamond Head State Monument area which covers 475 acres. The crater was created approximately 300,000 years ago by an explosive eruption. The trail which leads to the upper edge of the crater lip was created in 1908. The trail runs for 1.28km (0.8 miles) and towards the end there are steep stairs within a 68 meter (225 foot) long illuminated tunnel which leads to the Fire Control Station built in 1911. Once you reach the crater lip you can see historic bunkers and a lighthouse built in 1917. The summit of Diamond Head has long been considered a strategic position for coastal defense and in 1904 was designated as a military area and fortified. The views from the summit are worth the climb and in the summer you might even see humpback whales off the coast.

Visitors to the National Park follow the hike trail to the summit. The trail is steep and uneven in places. The last part of the trail has very steep stairs. Hiking to the summit takes between 1.5 and 2 hours. Apart from climbing the trail there is an interpretive kiosk where you can see exhibits about the history and resources of the crater. The kiosk also sells Diamond Head merchandise and gives information to visitors. 

Position: N21 15.7423 ... W157 48.3737
Way Point: HI060


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Diamond Head Light

Located at the eastern end of Waikiki Beach, Diamond Head Crater is a familiar landmark to the throngs of tourists who today pack the high-rise hotels in the area. For mariners of yesteryear, Diamond Head also served as a landmark, guiding their approach to the harbor at Honolulu from the west coast of the United States.

In the 1820s, sailors discovered what they believed were diamonds in the rocks on the volcano’s slopes. Although the sailors’ diamonds turned out to be clear calcite crystals, the name Diamond Head has been associated with the crater ever since.

With the increase of commerce calling at the port of Honolulu, a lookout was established in 1878 on the seaward slopes of Diamond Head for spotting and reporting incoming vessels. John Charles Petersen, a mariner born in Sweden, was the first watchman at the station and was paid fifty dollars per month. After his arrival in Hawai`I, Petersen married a native girl who died just four months after the birth of their daughter Melika. Diamond Head Charlie raised his daughter at the isolated station, where he served for thirty years until his death in 1907.

During the night of October 2, 1893 the SS Miowera grounded on the reef just off Diamond Head. As Diamond Head was obscured that evening, the vessel’s captain had mistaken the high land to the north of the crater as Diamond Head and had brought his ship too close to shore. All passengers and cargo were safely offloaded, but it took six weeks to free the Miowera. Four years later, the magnificent steamship China also ran aground near the dormant volcano’s crater. It was widely believed that both of these incidents could have been avoided had a light been shown from Diamond Head.

Captain King was determined to have a light on Diamond Head. He became weary of hearing the pros and cons of the case, and after a few trips to the vicinity with Mr. Rowell, the Superintendent of Public Works, drove a stake for the site of the beacon.

Electricity will be used and it is figured that Charles Peterson, the Diamond Head lookout, will be able to take care of the light as well as to continue his present excellent work.
The selected site was just 250 yards west of Charlie’s lookout tower, and the original structure was a forty-foot-tall, iron, framework tower built by Honolulu Iron Works. Barbier and Benard of France manufactured a third-order Fresnel lens along with a lantern room for the tower.

Information from:

Position: N21 15.3455 ... W157 48.5761
Way Point: HIA44 ... Diamond Head Light


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Dole Pineapple Plantation (PhotoReal Fly-over only - 2000 feet)

The company traces its origin to the 1851 establishment of Castle & Cooke by missionaries Samuel Northrup Castle and Amos Starr Cooke. Castle & Cooke rapidly became one of the largest companies in Hawaii, investing in shipping, railroad construction, sugar production, and seafood packing. The other half of Dole's corporate heritage, the Hawaiian Pineapple Company, was founded in 1901 by James Dole, who opened his first pineapple plantation in the central plateau of the Hawaiian island of Oahu. 05

Position: N21 31.32 --- W158 02.13
Way Point: HI050


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Ka'ena Point Light

Ka'ena Point is the westernmost tip of O'ahu and is a celebrated legendary site for the Hawaiian people. The ancient Hawaiians believed that when a person died their spirit would follow the setting sun to their eternal night. At Ka'ena Point, the souls would leap from the earth and enter the underworld.
In 1919, the Bureau of Lighthouses decided to place an unmanned acetylene light on Ka'ena Point. A site was selected, building materials were hauled in, and a concrete pyramidal tower was erected at a cost of $2,479.84. Due to its remoteness, the light frequently fell victim to vandalism. Between 1980 and 1985, the light was extinguished eleven times, as senseless people shot at the lens or stole the beacon’s batteries. In 1990, the concrete tower literally fell victim to erosion and was replaced by a light atop a metal pole.

In the 1980s, the Navy requested that the range of the Ka'ena Point Light be increased to assist submarines. Rather than install a more powerful light on the beach, the old Ka'ena Point Light was renamed the Ka'ena Point Passing Light, and a navigational light was activated atop a building at the Ka'ena Point Tracking Station on the bluffs behind the point. This new location for the Ka'ena Point Light was selected due to the commercial power and security available at the tracking station. The new light has a focal plane of 931 feet and a range of twenty-five miles.

The Ka'ena Point Natural Reserve Area was created in 1983 to help protect the fragile dunes and native species on the point. Making the area immediately around the point off-limits to dogs and vehicles has helped restore the natural landscape and elevate the number of nesting Laysan albatross and wedge-tailed shearwaters.

Information from:

Position: N21 34.4575 --- W158 16.7640
Way Point: HIA42 ... Kaena Point Light


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Kaena Point Tracking Station

The Kaena Point Satellite Tracking Station is a United States Air Force military installation in Kaena Point on the island of Oahu in Hawaii. It is a remote tracking station of the Air Force Satellite Control Network responsible for tracking satellites in orbit, many of which support the United States Department of Defense, receiving and processing data and in turn, enabling control of satellites by relaying commands from control centers. The station originally opened in 1959 to support CORONA, an early reconnaissance satellite program.

Detachment 3, 22d Space Operations Squadron, part of the 50th Space Wing, operates Hawaii Tracking Station on the site. It was constructed in 1959, one of three built that year. The facility is placed near the westernmost point of the island of Oahu, atop a 1,500-foot (460 m) high ridge. The two radomes are locally known as the "golf balls", and are a popular landmark for fishing vessels in the surrounding waters.

Yokohama Bay state park is at the base of the ridge, with a hiking trail that goes to the point and around to the northern side of the ridge, to Mokuleia Beach. By permit only (see below), the station roadways provide access to state hiking and hunting trails, as well as a camping site about 10 miles (16 km) inland called Peacock Flats. Permits to enter through the station to hike, hunt, or camp on the surrounding State lands can be obtained from the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources in downtown Honolulu.

Position: N21 33.6932 ... W158 14.4146
Way Point: HI069


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Kame House

A fictional anime house that was featured in a TV Show Dragonball and in some computer games.. This was added by Hawaii PhotoReal (not RTMM). A fun place to visit.

  • Kame House (カメハウス, Kame Hausu; lit. "Turtle House") is a house on a very small island in the middle of the sea. It is the home of Master Roshi, and, for much of the Dragon Ball seriesLaunch as well. It also becomes Krillin's permanent residence. during the Majin Buu Saga, he still lives there along with his wife and daughter. In Dragon Ball Super, Krillin and his family moves to Satan City. Its address is NBI 8250012 B.


Position: N21 40.3560 --- W157 55.433
Way Point: HI051


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Kukaniloko Birth Stones

This is a sacred site located near Wahiawa and is one of the most important cultural sites on the island. The site is within a State Park between the Waianaes to Leeward and Koolaus to Windward mountain ranges. The site is traditionally considered the navel or center of the island. Many years ago the women of Hawaii were taken here when they were about to give birth. The name “Kukaniloko” means “to anchor the cry from within.” The site is said to have been created by an Oahu chief in the 12th century and it is said that his son was the first baby to be born here. Giving birth at this site became associated with prestige and a superior status so the Alii royals would give birth here. Not only that but it was thought (by the men no doubt) that women giving birth here felt no pain during childbirth. The woman would lie on a mat on one of the stones and place her feet in foot holes in the rock. Gravity and the local shaman would help in the delivery. 36 chiefs would have to attend the birth for it to be official. The baby prince or princes would then be taken to a temple where 48 chiefs would witness the cutting of the umbilical cord. The priests (kahuna) would put the women on a special diet in the weeks running up to the birth to prepare the women for the birth. The birthing tradition continued until around the 17th century. Today visitors can see about 80 large rounded stones sticking out of the ground. Visitors are asked not to climb on the rocks.


Position: N21 30.2825 ... W158 2.1943
Way Point: HI057


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Laie Hawaii Temple

Laie Hawaii Temple is a temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) located on the northeast shore of the Hawaiian island of Oʻahu. The temple sits on a small hill, a half-mile from the Pacific Ocean, in the town of Lāʻie, 35 miles (56 km) from Honolulu. Along with Brigham Young University–Hawaii and the Polynesian Cultural Center, the Laie Hawaii Temple plays an important role in the town of Lā'ie,[4] with the Visitors' Center attracting more than 100,000 people annually.[5]

In addition to initial building and construction, the temple has been dedicated for use by several presidents of the LDS Church. The temple site was dedicated by Joseph F. Smith on June 1, 1915, with Heber J. Grant dedicating the completed structure on November 27, 1919. Spencer W. Kimball rededicated the Temple after significant expansion on June 13, 1978. After seismic upgrades and remodeling, Thomas S. Monson rededicated the Temple on November 21, 2010.

The Laie Hawaii Temple was the first temple built by the LDS Church outside of the contiguous United States. The temple is also the oldest to operate outside of Utah, and the fifth-oldest LDS temple still in operation. The Laie Hawaii Temple was formerly known as the Hawaiian Temple or the Hawaii Temple until the implementation of the standard naming convention for LDS temples


Position: N21 38.8418 ... W157 55.8383
Way Point: HI054


thumbClick for Fly-Over View

Makapuu Lighthouse

The incredible Makapuu Point Light is a lighthouse with the largest lens in the United states and it is on the National Register of Historical Places. The lighthouse is the highlight of the Makapuu Point Light House Trail which is run by the State Parks Division and part of the Kaiwi State Scenic Shoreline. The lighthouse was constructed in 1909 and has a picturesque red roof. Although visitors are not allowed to enter the lighthouse they can take stunning photos of the lighthouse with the sea in the background. The trail is a 3.2km (2 mile) round trip and is of moderate difficulty on a paved path; it should take approximately 2 hours to make the hike. The trail offers pedestrians wonderful views of the Koko Crater, Koko Head and the windward coast and off shore islands. From November to May you may even be lucky enough to see migrant humpback whales. There are interpretive signs and viewing scopes along the route so that you can better see the many birds and surrounding countryside. The surrounding terrain is mostly dry with low-growing vegetation including cacti.

Visitors can park their cars in the parking area where the trailhead starts to climb up the western side of the ridge. The top of the ridge is the half way point of the trail which then turns back and follows the eastern side of the ridge. Note that the trail is for pedestrians only and there are no drinking fountains along the way.

Information from:

Position: N21 18.5170 ... W157 39.1696
Way Point: HI059


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Nuuanu Pali State Wayside Park

Less than a kilometer from Downtown Honolulu in the Nuuanu Pali State Wayside Park is this stone terrace lookout point which offers panoramic views of the Koolau Cliffs, Kaneohe and Kailua and the Windward coastline. From here you can see Coconut Island and the Chinaman’s Hat (Mokolii Island). There are also views of the Hawaii Pacific University Windward Campus, Hoomaluhia Botanical Garden, Kaneohe Marine Corps Base and the Honolulu Botanical Garden. The point is known for its strong winds which howl around the point.  The point also has an important historical past. It was here that in 1795 King Kamehameha I fought and won the battle of Nuuanu finally managing to unite Oahu.  It is said that this was the bloodiest battle in Hawaiian history and that at least 400 soldiers were driven off the edge of the cliffs.

It is not just the observation point which is worth seeing but also the drive along Pali Highway (#61) and onto Nuuanu Pali Drive where you will be surrounding by jungle-like trees. The area is steeped in legends including a lizard woman who leads men off the cliffs and a volcano goddess.

If you can, stop and slew to the overlook and look at the view. This is one of the most beautiful views in Hawaii. Imagine a wind of 30 knots ... always windy there.

Position: N21 22.0257 ... W157 47.5854
Way Point: HI058

NOTAM: This is a good one to "slew" to just to see the view Use your simulator's MAP to change the location and put in the above co ordinates with a heading of 350, an Altitude "0" and an airspeed ="0." You will find yourself at the overlook with a breathtaking view!


thumbClick for Fly-Over View

Pearl Harbor Memorials

This way point will take you to the Pearl Harbor area so you can view the USS Missouri and the memorial for the USS Arizona. (This is a "flyover", but Steve Weinkamer has given us an object for the Arizona Memorial which we have placed in the scenery).

USS Arizona Wikipedia Link
USS Missouri Wikipedia Link

Position: N21 21.8155 ... W157 57.0646
Way Point: HI055


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Polynesian Cultural Center - PhotoReal Flyover

The Polynesian Cultural Center (PCC) is a Polynesian-themed theme park and living museum located in Laie, on the northern shore of OahuHawaii. Owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and dedicated on October 12, 1963, the PCC occupies 42 acres (17 hectares) owned by nearby Brigham Young University–Hawaii.

Within eight simulated tropical villages, performers demonstrate various arts and crafts from throughout Polynesia. Visitors may also take a free shuttle tour of the university and see the Laie Hawaii Temple and its associated visitors' center of the LDS Church.

Seventy percent of the center's approximately 1,300 employees are students at BYU-Hawaii.[1] Although it is largely a commercial venture, PCC profits fund various scholarship programs at BYU–Hawaii. Students may work up to 20 hours per week during school terms and 40 hours during breaks.

Position: N21 38.32 --- W157 55.18
Way Point: HI053


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Pyramid Rock Light

Kane'ohe Bay on the windward or eastern side of O'ahu is the largest sheltered body of water in the Hawaiian Islands. The 4.6-mile-wide mouth of the bay extends from Pyramid Rock on the Mokapu Peninsula at the southeastern side to Kualoa Point on the northwest side. Before exposure to the Western world in 1778, the Kane'ohe area was the most populated area on O'ahu.
Part of the Mokapu Peninsula was first set aside for military purposes in 1918, when President Woodrow Wilson reserved 322 acres for the U.S. Army. The U.S. Navy purchased the western side of the peninsula in 1939, and construction soon began on Naval Air Station Kaneohe. Dredging of the bay started in 1939, and in 1941 Pyramid Rock Light was established atop the natural feature on the northwestern point of the Mokapu Peninsula.

NAS, Kaneohe Bay was attacked by two waves of Japanese Imperial Navy aircraft on December 7, 1941, just minutes before the assault began at Pearl Harbor. Eighteen U.S. sailors were killed during the bombardment, and extensive damage was done to the air station and its aircraft. Following World War II, the Army soon left the peninsula, and the Navy followed suit in 1949. The marines established Marine Corps Air Station, Kaneohe Bay on the combined Navy and Army sites in 1952. In 1994, the Marine Corps consolidates all of its operations in Hawaii on the Mokapu Peninsula and renamed the facility Marine Corps Base Hawaii.

The Pyramid Rock Light currently consists of a light mounted on the roof of a square concrete workhouse, painted with distinctive black and white diagonal stripes. The light guides vessels into Kane'ohe Bay and overlooks a recreational beach for the marines.

Information from:

Position: N21 27.7353 ... W157 45.8144
Way Point: HIA43 ... Pyramid Rock Light


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Turtle Bay Resort

Already added in Hawaii PhotoReal

  • Situated on one of the world’s most scenic peninsulas, Turtle Bay Resort is the only resort on Oahu’s North Shore. Each of the resort’s 452 accommodations offers ocean views, ranging from its 42 newly renovated beach cottages[1] to an array of villas, guest rooms and suites. Turtle Bay also offers a recently renovated Nalu Kinetic Spa & Fitness Center,[2] a collection of dining venues, two landscaped pools, championship golf courses by Fazio and Palmer, tennis courts, horseback riding, hiking, mountain bike trails and a pump track, a surfing school, and shopping. An off-the-beaten path discovery of the North Shore surrounded by blue waters, Turtle Bay Resort offers authentic Hawaiian experiences that are suitable for both romantic getaways and family travel


Position: N21 42.3106 --- W157 59.9116
Way Point: HI052


flyoverClick for Fly-Over View

Valley of the Temples

I was able to add the landscaping, but could not find objects of the beautiful temples in this area. Here are references so you can see what they look like up close:

Link: Valley of the Temples Website
Link: Memorial Park Map in PDF
Link: Google Images

At the foot of Koolau Mountain lies this picturesque and quaint memorial park where thousands of Shinto, Catholic, Protestant and Buddhists from the islands are buried. The park is nestled in a lush valley and the tombs are scattered on the undulating landscape. In among the tombs are beautiful plants, landscaped Japanese gardens, koi ponds, decorative bridges and peacocks and black swans wandering the lawns. The park was founded in 1963 by Paul Trousdale and has as its center piece a replica of the 11th century Phoenix Hall of the Byodo-In Temple in Japan. The Byodo-In (Temple of Equality) replica was constructed using traditional building methods; no nails were used.  The temple is home to a 2.7 meter tall sitting Amida Buddha which sits on a gold lotus leaf. Together with this very oriental structure you can find statues of Christ, the Virgin Mary and Christian motifs among the other crypts and mausoleums in the park. One of the most famous people buried here is Walter F. Dillingham, a famous Hawaiian statesman and entrepreneur. It is tradition to ring the large ceremonial bell as you enter the park to bring you longevity and happiness. 

Position: N21 25.9254 ... W157 49.7936
Way Point: HI062


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Wiamea Valley

Flyover Only - This is an area of cultural and historic significance covering 1,875 acres. It has been a sacred site for the last 700 years. The valley has also been called the Valley of the Priests since 1090 when the ruler of the island gave the land to descendants of the high priests who lived and worked the land until 1886. Today it is possible to walk along the paved paths through the valley’s botanical gardens and see several historic sites. From the ticket office you can take the route in one direction for 1.2km or in the other direction for 2.4km to the waterfall area. There are shrines, agricultural terraces, fishponds and traditional habitats. The botanical garden covers 150 acres and is home to more than 5,000 species of native and endangered Hawaiian plants. The valley is home to several endangered birds and small animal as well as the native freshwater fish which live in the Kamananui Stream. There are traditional cultural activities which you can participate in (some for an extra fee and others included in your admission price). There are Hawaiian games, arts and crafts; music, storytelling, kupuna and hula implement demonstrations. One of the highlights of the valley is the Waihi Waterfall, a 13.7 meter high waterfall. If you don’t feel like the walk to the waterfall then there is a golf cart shuttle service (for a fee) either one-way or for the round trip. In the valley there are refreshment stands and eateries selling Hawaiian-grown foods and stores selling locally made products.  

Position: N21 38.09 ... W158 03.14
Way Point: HI056


Page Index- - - - Back to Tours

References for WayPoints

Way Points

Doug's Hawaii Way Points (These can be added to your GPS ... here is HOW)

  • HI001 ... PHNL SPB, Oahu
  • HI002 ... Lono Harbor, Molokai
  • HI003 ... Kaunakakai Port, Molokai
  • HI004 ... Kaumalapau Port, Lana'i
  • HI005 ... Manele Bay, Lanai'i
  • HI006 ... Lahaina, Mau'i
  • HI007 ... Ma'alaea, Maui
  • HI008 ... Hana, Maui
  • HI009 ... Kahului, Maui
  • HI010 ... Pako'o, Molokai
  • HI011 ... Hilo, Hawai'i
  • HI012 ... Kona, Hawai'i
  • HI013 ... Nawiliwili, Kauai
  • HI014 ... Makai Pier (Magnum PI)
  • HI015 ... Robin's Nest (Magnum PI)
  • HI016 ... John Rogers SPB (fictional)
  • HI017 ... Kawaihae Port

Hawaii Tours. Way Points: (these can be added to your GPS ... here is HOW)

Hawaii Sites:

  • HI086 ... Akaka Falls
  • HI087 ... Balloon Races
  • HIA19 ... Cape Kumukahi Light
  • HI097 ... Coconut Point Light
  • HI098 ... Hilo Range Light
  • HI088 ... Honaunau Nat'l Park
  • HIA18 ... Kailua Point at Kona
  • HIA12 ... KaLea Light
  • HIA13 ... Kauhola Point Light
  • HIA15 ... Kawaihae Light
  • HI095 ... Keahole Light
  • HI096 ... Kukuihaele Light
  • HI099 ... Laupahoehoe Point Light
  • HIA20 ... Lava Flow to Sea
  • HIA14 ... Mahukona Light
  • HI089 ... Mauna Kea Observatory
  • HI090 ... Macadamia Nut Plantation
  • HIA16 ... Miloli'i Point Light
  • HIA17 ... Napo'op'o Light-Captn Cook Mem.
  • HIA10 ... Paukaa Point Light
  • HIA11 ... Pepe'ekeo Point
  • HI091 ... Volcano Nat'l Park
  • HI092 ... Wiakoloa Resort Area
  • HI093 ... Wiapio Lookout (and Valley)

Kauai Sites:

  • HIA29 ... Hanapepe Light
  • HI061 ... Jurassic Park Filming Site
  • HIA26 ... Kahala Point Light
  • HI063 ... Kilauea Lighthouse
  • HIA30 ... Kokole Light
  • HIA27 ... Kuki'i Point Light
  • HI085 ... Mahaka Lookout and Track Stn
  • HIA28 ... Makahu'ena Point Light
  • HI064 ... Menehune Fish Pond
  • HI065 ... Na Pali Coastline
  • HIA21 ... Nawiliwili Lighthouse
  • HIA31 ... Nohili Point LIght
  • HI067 ... Wiamea Canyon State Park
  • HI068 ... Kokee AFS Radar Site and Kalalau Lookout

Lanai Sites:

  • HI077 ... Club Lanai
  • Hi078 ... Halulu Heiau
  • HI079 ... Kaumalapau Harbor
  • HI005 ... Manele Harbor
  • HIA25 ... Manele Bay Light
  • HI080 ... Sweetheart Rock
  • HI081 ... Shipwreck Beach
  • HIA24 ... Pohakuloa Point Light
  • HIA23 ... Palaoa Point Light
  • HIA22 ... Kaumalapau Light

Maui Sites:

  • HI094 ... Banyon Tree Park
  • HIA34 ... Hanamanioa Light
  • HIA38 ... Hawea Light
  • HI074 ... Iao State Park
  • HIA32 ... Kahoolawe SW Light
  • HIA35 ... Ka'uiki Head Light
  • HIA39 ... Lahaina Light
  • HIA40 ... McGregor Light
  • HI075 ... Molokini Crater
  • HIA33 ... Molokini Light
  • HIA37 ... Nakalele Light
  • HIA36 ... Pa'uwela Point Light
  • HI076 ... Haleakala National Park
  • HI084 ... Kahoolawe Coast Guard

Molokai Sites:

  • HI070 ... Halawa Valley, Beach and Waterfall
  • HI071 ... Kalaupapa (historic leper colony community)
  • HI072 ... Kaunakakai (Molokai Harbor)
  • HIA41 ... Molokai Light
  • HI073 ... Wailau Valley

Niihau Sites:

  • HI082 ... Lehua Atol
  • HI083 ... Niihau Tracking Station

Oahu Sites:

  • HI066 ... Aloha Tower
  • HIA45 ... Barbers Point Light
  • HI060 ... Diamond Head Crater
  • HIA44 ... Diamond Head Light
  • HI050 ... Dole Plantation
  • HIA42 ... Kaena Point Light
  • HI051 ... Kame House
  • HI069 ... Koena Point Tracking Station
  • HI057 ... Kukaniloko Birth Stones
  • HI052 ... Turtle Bay Resort
  • HI054 ... Laie Hawaii Temple
  • HI059 ... Makapuu Lighthouse
  • HI058 ... Nuuanu Pali Wayside Park
  • HI055 ... Pear Harbor
  • HI053 ... Polynesian Cultural Center
  • HIA43 ... Pyramid Rock Light
  • HI062 ... Valley of the Temples
  • HI056 ... Wiamea Valley

Last Waypoint entered: HIA45 ... Barbers Point Light

All Waypoints for Doug's Hawaii (Original and PILOTs) can be found on the Download Table.

Page Index
MFC Flights
To Location Island Way
From Location MFC # NM Misc Info
Akala Falls Hawaii HI086       Map-
Alahoa Tower Oahu HI066       Map-
Balloon Races Hawaii HI087       Map-
Banyan Tree Park Maui HI094       Map-
Barbers Point Light Oahu HIA45       Map-
Cape Kuhukahi Light Hawaii HIA19       Map
Club Lanai Lanai HI077       Map-
Coconut P Light Hawaii HI097       Map-
Diamond Head Crater Oahu HI060       Map-
Diamond Head Light Oahu HIA44       Map-
Dole Pineapple Oahu HI050       Map-
Haleakala Obsvty Maui HI076       Map-
Hana Harbor Hawaii HI008       Map-(Doug's Hawaii)
Hanamanioa Light Maui HIA34       Map-
Hanapepe Light Kauai HIA29       Map-
Halawa Valley Molokai HI070       Map-
Halulu Haiau Lanai HI078       Map-
Hawea Light Maui HIA38       Map-
Hilo Harbor Hawaii HI011       Map-
Hilo Rng Rear Light Hawaii HI098       Map-
Honaunau Park Hawaii HI088       Map-
Honolulu Intl SPB Oahu HI001       Map-
Iao Valley Maui HI074       Map-
John Rogers SPB Oahu HI016       Map-
Jurassic Park Kawai HI061       Map-
Kaena Point Light Oahu HIA42       Map-
Kaena Point Tracking Oahu HI069       Map-
Kahala Light Kauai HIA26       Map-
Kahoolawe C. Guard Kahoolawe HI084       Map-
Kahoolawe SW Light Kahoolawe HIA32       Map-
Kahului Harbor Maui HI009       Map-
Kailua Light Hawaii HIA18       Map-
Ka Lae Light Hawaii HIA12       Map-
Kalaupapa Molokai HI071       Map-
Kame House Oahu HI051       Map-
Kauhola Pt Light Hawaii HAA13       Map-
Ka'uiki Head Light Maui HIA35       Map-
Kaumalapau Por Lanai HI004       Map-
Kaumalapau Light   HIA22       Map-
Kaunakakai Port Molokai HI003       Map-
Kawaihea Port Hawaii HI017       Map-
Keahole Light Hawaii HI095       Map-
Kokee AFS Radar Kawai HI068       Map-
Kokole Light Kawai HIA30       Map-
Kona Hawaii HI012       Map-
Kukaniloko Birth Stones Oahu HI057       Map-
Kuki'i Point Light Kauai HIA27       Map-
Kukuihaele Light Hawaii HI096       Map-
Lahaina Maui HI006       Map-
Lahaina Light Maui HIA39       Map-
Laie Hawaii Temple Oahu HI054       Map-
Laupahoehoe Pt Light Hawaii HI099       Map-
Lava Flow into Sea Hawaii HIA20       Map-
Lehua Atol Niihau HI082       Map-
Lono Harbor Molokai HI002       Map-
Maalaea Maui HI007       Map-
Macadamia Plant'n Hawaii HI090       Map-
Magnum PI Oahu HI015       Map-
Mahaka Ridge Kawai HI085       Map-
Mahukona Light Hawaii HIA14       Map-
Makahu'ena Point Light Kauai HIA28       Map-
Makapuu Light House Oahu HI059       Map-
Manele Bay Lanai HI005       Map-
Manele Bay Light Lanai HIA25       Map-
Mauna Kea Obsert'ry Hawaii HI089       Map-
McGregor Point Light Maui HIA40       Map-
Menehune Fish Pond Kauai HI064       Map-
Miloli'i Point Light Hawaii HIA16       Map
Molokini Crater Maui HI075       Map-
Molokini Light Maui HIA33       Map-
Na Pali Coast Kauai HI065       Map-
Nakalele Light Maui HIA37       Map-
Napoopo Light Hawaii HIA17       Map-Capt Cook
Nawiliwili Kauai HI013       Map-
Nawiliwili Light Kauai HIA21       Map-
Niihau Tracking Niihau HI083       Map-
Nohili Light Kauai HIA31       Map-
Nuuanu Pali Park Oahu HI058       Map-
Pako'o Harbor Molokai HI010       Map-
Palaoa Point Light Lanai HIA23       Map-
Pauka'a Pt Light Hawaii HIA10       Map-
Pa'uwela Point Light Maui HIA36       Map-
Pearl Harbor Mem'l Oahu HI055       Map-
Pepe'ekeo Pt Light Hawaii HIA11       Map-
Pohakuloa Pt Light Lanai HIA24     -- Map-
Polynesian Cult Ctr Oahu HI053       Map-
Pyramid Rock Light Oahu HIA43       Map-
Shipwreck Beach Lanai HI081       Map-
Sweetheart Rock Lanai HI080       Map-
Turtle Bay Resort Oahu HI052       Map-
Valley of Temples Oahu HI062       Map-
Volcano Nat'l Park Hawaii HI091       Map-
Wailau Valley Molokai HI073       Map-
Waikoloa Resort Hawaii HI092       Map-
Wiamea Valley Oahu HI056       Map-
Wiamea Canyon Park Kauai HI067       Map-
Wiapio Lookout Hawaii HI093       Map-
Page Index